Groundwater Flyer

Antonio Lathern

WHAT IS GROUNDWATER?

What Is Groundwater?

What is groundwater?

Groundwater is water stored below Earth's surface.

Porosity vs. Premeability

  • Porosity- the amount of space in between soil particles.
  • Permeability- the material's ability to allow fluids to pass.


These terms play a big part in groundwater. The affects these terms have on the groundwater's presence is the determination of what materials hold the water.

Parts Of The Water Table

  • Zone of Aeration- the region between earth's surface and the water table.


  • Zone of Saturation- the area where groundwater fills up all pores in the soil.


  • Water Table-the boundary between the zone of aeration and the zone of saturation.


  • Aquiclude- an impermeable aquitard.


  • Aquifer- a body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater.

WATER TABLE DIAGRAM

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Types Of Aquifers

  • Unconfined Aquifers- water flows freely.
  • Confined Aquifers- water flow is restricted by impermeable layers called aquicludes.
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Effects From Depleting GroundWater

  • Earthquakes
  • Ground subsidence
  • Loss of water supply (drop in water table)
  • Drought
  • More energy to dig deeper for water
  • Saltwater intrusion

Things That We Do To Pollute Water