Geography of Southern Africa

By: Lexi R. 7th Period

Namib Desert

The Namib Desert is a desert region in South West Africa that extending along the coast from south west Angola to west South Africa.The Namib Desert is often known as the world's oldest desert and has been in this world for some 43 million years, remaining unchanged in its form for the last 2 million years. The Namib Desert is an important location for mining tungsten, salt and diamonds. Several rivers and streams run through the Namib Desert also to gather water.

Cape of Good Hope

The Cape of Good Hope is a rocky headland on the Atlantic coast of a Peninsula in South Africa. It was first sighted by the Portuguese navigator Bartholomue Dias in 1488 on his return to Portugal after finding the southern limits of the African continent. The Cape of Good hope is important because it attracks tourist and can make a lot of money. It is also important because it was a very special and important landmark for sailors who passed by.


Johannesburg is a city in South Africa, the capital of the province of Gauteng.The largest city in South Africa, Johannesburg is also the wealthiest and the economic powerhouse of Africa. Johannesburg is important because it is the economic power of africa. It brings in a lot of money and tourist, Like the Cape of Good Hope.

Zambezi River

The Zambezi is Africa’s fourth largest River system, after the Nile, Zaire and Niger Rivers. It runs through six countries from central Africa to the Indian Ocean. Its value is that it is less developed than others in terms of human settlement and many areas along it’s banks enjoy protected service that it brings. It is important because people have use the Zambezi's strong currect to produce electricity. Tourists from around the world visit these falls which also provides a great money source for Africa's economy.

Limpopo River

The Limpopo River rises in the middle of Africa, and flows eastwards towards the Indian Ocean. The Limpopo is the second largest river in Africa that empties to the east after Zambezi River. The Limpopo river flows in a great arc, first zig-zagging northeast and north, then turning east and finally southeast. The Limpopo River is important because it has hydroelectric power and also every year it brings in a lot of money because of tourist around the world.


Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia. One of the fastest-developing city in Southern Africa, Lusaka is located in the southern part of the central plateau. Lusaka has become a boom town of late. New buildings are going up everywhere and many stores and shopping malls are popping up all over. Lusaka is important because it has a fast growing economy and is making a lot of money from the booming economy.

Kalahari Desert

The Kalahari desert is part of the huge sand basin that reaches from the Orange River up to Angola, in the west to Namibia and in the east to Zimbabwe. The sand masses were created by the erosion of soft stone formations. The Kalahari Desert is important because it provides shelter, nutrients and food for many plants and also the animals in the desert.


Cabinda is an exclave and province of Angola. Cabinda is separated from the rest of Angola by a narrow strip of territory that belongs to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Capital city is also called Cabinda. Along the coast are some of the largest offshore oil fields in the world. Cabinda also produces hardwoods, coffee, cacao, rubber, and palm oil products, but petroleum is the largest domestic product for the province. Cabinda accounts for close to 60% of Angola's oil production, approximately 900,000 barrels per day.

Orange River

The Orange River is the longest river in South Africa. Historically, the Orange River was known as the 'River of Diamonds', because it played an important role in the diamond rush. The first diamonds were discovered in the alluvial deposits on the rivera. Namibia benefiting from diamonds as they were carried to the Namib's coast by the Orange River. The Orange River also plays a major role in supporting agriculture, industry and mining for South Africa. The Gariep Dam, the largest dam in South Africa, and the Vanderkloof Dam both have hydro-electric power-stations. Additionally, irrigation downstream from the Vanderkloof Dam has turned thousands of acres of arid land into very productive agricultural land. There have been main "Water Projects" in country to help support the water supply and the country's needs.

Victoria Falls

Victoria Falls is a waterfall in southern Africa on the Zambezi River at the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe. It's a spectacular waterfall that lies about midway on the Zambezi Rivera. It's a bout twice as wide and twice as deep as Niagara Falls. One of the wides points is approximately 5,500 ft and the highest drop is 355 ft.