John Locke

Bryce V. And Joy K.

Biography

  • Family History

    • Born on August 29, 1632 in Wrington, Somerset, England

    • Puritan parents

    • Excellence education due to father's connections to the English government

      • Christ Church, University of Oxford -- studied medicine, logic, metaphysics, classical languages, then later Master of Arts.

  • Political Affiliations/Loyalties

    • Lord Anthony Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury and founder of the Whig movement, greatly influenced Locke's political ideas.

      • Whig party - group against tyranny

    • Leaned more towards democratic ideals and beliefs

    • Very renowned political philosopher and our founding fathers received inspiration from him for our constitution.

    • Believed men were free and equal

    • Right to revolution

    • Right to replace a government that fails to uphold certain rights to citizens and fails the pop. You can then replace them with a new government (revolution can be justified).

    • Separation of church and state, separate branches of gov. Legislative and executive

  • Contribution to Colonial Development and Independence

    • Wrote several essays, including Second Treatise Concerning Civil Government, expressing his radical views on government.

      • Governments are obliged to serve their people

      • Everyone has certain inalienable rights to their lives, liberty, and properties.

      • explained basic idea of checks and balances

      • favored representative government over tyranny

      • Locke’s writings inspired and gave ideas to several men, including George Mason, Thomas Paine, James Madison. His theories were used to write the Constitution and Declaration of Independence.

Integrity and Citizenship

  • Integrity

    • Definition: the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles; moral uprightness.

    • John Locke displayed integrity during his life. By standing by his moral principles and wanting equal rights for citizens, these are two aspects that show he was a whole person and had strong morals.


  • Citizenship

    • Definition: playing an active part in society

    • Although John Locke did not disobey any laws, he spoke out against the Parliament and monarchy. He did not display citizenship and was not a model citizen in the English society.