The Savanna

Biodiversity

Map of Savannas

Big image

African Savanna

The African Savanna has a wet season for about 5-6 months and a dry season for about 5-6 months. It covers Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote D'ivore, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana, and South Africa.

Australian Tropical Savanna

The Australian Tropical Savanna is one of the worlds largest tropical savannas. There are a lot of animals in this savanna. There is dense grass and scattered trees. The savanna spreads across northern Australia. The wet season is 5-6 months and the dry season is 5-6 months.

Terai-Duar Savanna

The Terai-Duar savanna is a narrow lowland at the base of the Himalayas in India. It is 25 kilometres wide and has a total area of 34,500 square kilometres. There is a 5-6 month dry season and a 5-6 month wet season.

Animal Kingdom

Plant Kingdom

Fungi Kingdom

Protist Kingdom

Monera Kingdom

Threats

There are many threats to the savanna biome, but I am going to focus on two:

  • Mining: Many operating stone quarries have been observed in India. The mining destroys the landscape, which takes several hundred years to recover. But, abandoned mines create a habitat because they are ideal spots for fox dens.
  • Bunding/Trenching: Bunding and Trenching has completely changed some large areas of the savanna, killing plant life, and exposing the ground to erosion, leading to a higher run off of rain water.

Protections

  • Trees: Trees protect the savanna by absorbing odors and pollutant gases, cleaning the air for animals. They also filter particulates out of the air by trapping them on bark and leaves.
  • Soil Protection: Experts are educating people on how to protect the soil and prevent soil erosion.
  • Windbreaks: People are planting trees as windbreaks to prevent wind erosion.

Challenges

  • Dryness: The savanna is really dry, which leads to a lot of wildfires. The fires burn the small bit of vegetation that still remain in the savanna. Humans have made the dirt even worse by farming it. Also, with the biome so dry there is not a lot of water, so the animals will die of dehydration, and might become extinct.

References

About the Savanna: http://savannaca.weebly.com/about.html


Adansonia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adansonia


Asian Elephant Facts: https://www.pinterest.com/explore/asian-elephant-facts/


Australian Savanna Climate: http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/savanna_australiaclim_page.htm


Basidiomycota: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basidiomycota


Classification of Cyanobacteria: http://www.bacterio.net/-classifcyano.html


Combretum Erythrophyllum: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Combretum_erythrophyllum,_herfsloof,_c,_Nkwe.jpg


Cyanobacteria: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyanobacteria


Earth Floor: Biomes (Animals) http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsysflr/savannaha.html


Elephants Scientific Classification: https://seaworld.org/en/animal-info/animal-infobooks/elephants/scientific-classification


Facts About Hyenas: http://www.livescience.com/55037-hyenas.html


Grassland Organisms: https://biomesfirst11.wikispaces.com/Grassland+Organisms


Introduction to Synechocystis: http://2016.igem.org/Team:Edinburgh_OG/Experiments/Cyanobacteria


Laetiporus Sulphureus: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laetiporus_sulphureus


Plasmodium Description: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium#Description


Plasmodium Falciparum: http://scientistsagainstmalaria.net/parasite/plasmodium-falciparum


Pseudomonas aeruginosa: http://textbookofbacteriology.net/pseudomonas.html


Pseudomonas Aeruginosa: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pseudomonas_aeruginosa


River Bushwillow: http://suntrees.co.za/2015/05/29/combretum-erythrophyllum-river-bushwillow-vaderlandswilg/


Sarcoscypha Dudleyi:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarcoscypha_dudleyi


Savana Biomes: http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/savanna.htm


Scientific Classification: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193009.html


Spotted Hyena: http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/animals/spotted-hyena/#spotted-hyena-walking-toward.jpg


Terai-Duar Savanna and Grasslands: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terai-Duar_savanna_and_grasslands


Terai-Duar Savanna and Grasslands: http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/ecoregions/teraiduar_savannas_grasslands.cfm


The Genome of Agrobacterium Tumefaciens: http://www.genomenewsnetwork.org/articles/12_01/A_tumefaciens_genome.shtml


Threats To Savanna Grasslands: http://www.atree.org/research/sscbc/ecosystems_global_change/Indian-savanna-project/ISP-threats-to-savanna-grasslands


Top 22 Benefets of Trees: https://www.treepeople.org/resources/tree-benefits


Trichonympha: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichonympha


Trichonympha Agilis: http://images.sciencesource.com/p/8D8117.html


Trypanosoma: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trypanosoma


Turkey Tail Mushroom Studied for Cancer Patients: http://marnieclark.com/turkey-tail-mushrooms-studied-for-cancer-patients/