The Tang Dynasty
By Megan Blackwell and Christina Liu
The Tang believed in Confucianism, a belief that encouraged education and rewarded you for your dedication to your work. In order to get into the government, you had to take a civil service exam. The exam would determine your knowledge and intentions, and the higher the score, the higher you would be placed in the government. Confucianism also encouraged strong moral values in government, which they hoped would make better leaders. The Tang ruled confidently and powerfully. Eventually, there was a greedy emperor who did not care for his people. Peasants, annoyed with the high taxes, protested along with lots of fights among the different social classes. There were smatterings of rebellions everywhere, and one big rebellion that overpowered the last Tang emperor, ending the Tang dynasty.
This is Li Yuan, the founder of the Tang dynasty
The Tang dynasty had an agricultural surplus, which led to more food for lower prices. They also reestablished to safety of the Silk Road to make trade easier for merchants, who used a type of coin for money. The early economy needed to go through a process of recovering and development, but eventually reached a very high level under the Zhen Guan reign. In the later economy, after the An Shi Rebellion, the economy was very damaged so to fix the financial problem, the government doubled the tax system. Also, after the An Shi Rebellion, residents in the North migrated to the South of the Yangtze river which caused a more advanced manufacture in the South. At the end, when the economy began to falter, the Tang dynasty citizens revolted against the emperor which led to it's down fall
This is a coin that was used in the Tang Dynasty
Inventions, Technology, Science & Architecture
The Tang invented many items so that life would be easier for the upper class. The invented items such as printing presses for scribes and poets, mechanical clocks, gunpowder for fireworks, and even ice cream. They even repaired the Great Wall Of China and completed the Grand Canal. The Tang also started to replace wooden structures and buildings with stone and brick. The Tang emperors also built themselves a beautiful new capitol and built many Buddhist Pagodas that usually had a square base. They also completed many difficult chemical formulas for different purposes that was usually found through alchemy such as fireproof cement, a cream for polishing mirrors, porcelain, and waterproof/dust repellent cream for clothes. Astronomy was also very important too.
This is a mechanical clock made in the Tang dynasty.
These are small characters that you would put in a printing press.
This is a picture of a building in the Imperial Gardens made by the Tang dynasty
Religion, Culture & Social Life
The Tang dynasty was a very cosmopolitan culture. There was a very open-minded attitude towards all religions/beliefs, and Buddhism in particular was becoming widely used. Since the Tangs were very hospitable to foreign ideas, lots of music was coming from the west, such as countries like Rome, and also was becoming well-liked. The Tang dynasty was the golden age for poetry, and landscape painting was up and coming. Only boys could go to school, which was free and highly encouraged. Girls were taught at home, and then moved in with their husbands after they married at a young age. When you were old enough, you would take an exam that determined if you were placed in the government, and if so, how high you placement was. Musical performances in cities were free, for everyone. The Chinese had fun with their hair and makeup, sometimes women put on hats with little bells that jingled when they walked. Shoes showed your status, and everyone wore colorful clothing. The Tang dynasty was China's golden age of peace and prosperity.
Statue of Buddha
Buddha statues which were very popular during the Tang dynasty.
This a Tang landscape painting, entitled "Spring Outing of the Tang Court".
This is a lute, made in the Tang dynasty.