Disabilities

By Noah Glorioso

Disabled Basketball v.s. Traditional Basketball

There are many sports in the world but to play a disabled sport... It's a different story. Many disabled sports are the exact same with the same rules but with disabled people competing. In disabled basketball it's similar in many ways and also very different in many ways to regular basketball.


There are many similarities between regular basketball and disabled basketball. They are both played in accordance with the NCAA rules during game play. Another similarity is they are both played with 12 minute quarters. Even though they are disabled and in wheelchairs they still play on a 10-foot high basketball hoop like the pros. That is the many ways that disabled basketball and regular basketball are similar.


Even though these two sports are very alike they are also very different. In disabled basketball you play in wheelchairs and in regular basketball you play on your own feet. Also in disabled basketball your wheelchair has to be a certain height but in regular basketball you don't have to be above or below a certain height . On the other hand, in disabled basketball each player is given a class based on his/her's condition. There are 8 classes: 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, 4.5. The higher the players class the greater the player functional ability . Teams are allowed to play a maximum of 15 points on the court at once. That is how those two spots are very different but similar too.


Although the two games are very alike and different in many ways, in the end they all want the same goal when the game is over, winning.


www.disability.illinois.edu

Recovering from an Amputation

Today in the world there are about 1.8 million people living with amputations.Amputations on the leg particularly above or below the knee are the most common amputations.


The most common reason for amputations is poor circulation because of damaged or narrowing arteries. When the arteries narrow, cells cannot get the oxygen and nutrients they need. That is what causes the tissue to die.


Once the amputation is done the patient stays at the hospital for 5 to 18 day. The steps to recover from an amputation are:


Step #1 - Have your doctor teach you how to dress your wound


Step #2 - Your doctor should prescribe you with medication to help with pain and prevent infection


Step #3 - Start physical therapy


Step #4 - Practice with artificial limb


Step #5 - Dealing with the long-term recovery which includes building emotional strength and building to improve muscle strength in the injured place


Once you have fully recovered and got your doctor's permission to return to normal activities, you can do the things you love to do again.


www.webmd.com

Disabled Sports

There are many disabled sports throughout the world from wheelchair tennis to sitting volleyball. There are more common ones including wheelchair basketball and IPC swimming and there are some uncommon ones including wheelchair curling and wheelchair rugby.


One of the ore uncommon disabled sports is goalball. Goalball was created in 1946 in an effort to rehabilitate visually impaired veterans who returned from war. This sport consists of a ball, a goal, and 2 players. The object of the game is to roll the ball into the other player's goal. The ball has bells in it so the players can react fast without seeing the ball. This sport was first introduced into the world in 1976 at the Paralympic Games. That is how goalball is played.


Another of the uncommon disabled sports is wheelchair rugby. Wheelchair rugby was created in the 1970s. The sport is played with 2 teams of at least four players and compete for 4 periods, eight minutes each. This sport is now practiced in more than 25 countries and includes men and women on the same team. Wheelchair rugby made made it's first appearance at the Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games. That is how wheelchair rugby was invented and played.


Most importantly disabled sports give disabled people a chance to play and compete in sports.


www.disabledsportsusa.org

Causes of Disabilities

There are many reasons why people have/get disabilities. But there are a few that are more common than others.


One reason why people get/have disabilities is from war. In today's wars, more civilians than soldiers are killed or disabled. While you're in war you may lose an arm or a leg, either by gun shots or bombs. Sometimes people even become deaf and bind because of explosions. Therefore the effect will be that you cannot do normal sports or activities because of this.


Another reason why people have/get disabilities is because of poverty and malnutrition. Poverty is one of the biggest cause of disability. Poor people are the most vulnerable to disability because they work in unsafe environments with poor sanitation. Also with little access too education, clean water, and little good food makes diseases such as tuberculosis and polio, and severe disabilities that spread from person to person easily. As a result of this people will start to get disease and end up with a disability.


One of the most common way people get disabilities is from accidents. Some of the common accidents are road accidents, burns, falls, and breathing or drinking toxic chemicals. Each year 20-50 million people are injured or disabled in only road accidents. These accidents lead to people not being able to do regular activities or sports.


There are many disabilities that one can have and how they can get them. Persevering through that experience can be hard at times but it will pay off in the end.


www.en.hesperian.org

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Problems with Disabilities

The year 1580 was when the disabled were granted a little freedom. The first prosthetic limbs were made from wood and were very uncomfortable. Not until the 1900's were the prosthetics made from metal which made them much more tolerable.


The problem was that since many of these people were without limbs, they were not able to participate in normal sporting events and activities. Eunice Kennedy Shriver saw that kids with disabilities were getting ignored and neglected and she thought this was a problem. So in 1962 she hosted summer day camps and hoped to explore children's skills with a variety of activities and sports. In the late 1960's her camps began to grow and grow. She hosted the first international Special Olympics that year in Chicago, Illinois.


Today there's a global movement that serves more than 4 million people with intellectual disabilities in more than 170 countries.



The many problems with disabilities are some what old but there are very few problems with them today.


www.thearc.org