DIABETES MELLITUS

CAUSES, SYMPTOMS, DAMAGES, TREATMENT and lot more...

WHAT IS DIABETES "MELLITUS" ??

Diabetes Mellitus (or diabetes) is a chronic, lifelong condition that affects your body's ability to use the energy found in food.


DIFFERENCES BETWEEN LOW BLOOD SUGAR and HIGH BLOOD SUGAR

PANCREAS INTO THE PICTURE:

A large gland behind the stomach that secretes digestive enzymes into the duodenum.

They produce the hormone "insulin" which is the main key of all this.

LOCATION OF THE PANCREAS IN OUR BODY:

CAUSES:

This is caused by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin, which results in a failure to metabolize and food containing more amount of sugar/glucose carry more chances of diabetes.

This is a genetic disorder, but nowadays this happens due to our lifestyle.

There are more chances of this being caused when:

  • tumor in pancreas
  • during gestational periods

SYMPTOMS:

  • Frequent urination
  • Unusual thirst; poydipsia
  • Extreme hunger; polyphagia
  • Unusual weight loss
  • Extreme fatigue; lethargy
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
  • Recurring skin, gum or bladder infections

TREATMENT

People with diabetes must take responsibility for their day-to-day care. This includes monitoring blood glucose levels, dietary management, maintaining physical activity, keeping weight and stress under control, monitoring oral medications and, if required, insulin use via injections or pump. To help patients achieve this, UCSF's Diabetes Teaching Center offers self-management educational programs that emphasize individualized diabetes care. The program enables patients to make more consistent and appropriate adjustments in their therapy and lifestyle.

IF NOT TREATED EARLIER, THEN THERE ARE CHANCES OF:

  • kidney damage
  • heart attack
  • stroke
  • amputation
  • blindness
  • coma
  • death

BY: KARTIK and PRIT