Nationalism in Africa and Asia

Chris Biggurs, Cameron Dougherty, Yousef Abunemeh

Nationalism In Africa

Development of Nationalism

African nationalism tried to make Africans view themselves in a more broader view. African nationalist also wanted to maintain the African way (food, music, dress, architecture, religion), but still accept some of the European ways. Because they felt that it was important to for the Africans to have some pride about themselves. So the African nationalist wanted both the African and European ways to balance out.

Map of European influence on different African countries

20th Century Nationalism Part 1 (20th-Century Nationalism Part 1)

Pan-Africanism

The main idea of Pan-Africanism was to get over ethnicity by showing Africans all the things that they have in common. Two main leaders: Marcus Garvey and W.E.B. Dubois.Garvey was outspoken and believed that blacks would never be equal to whites. He believed that they should go back to Africa to be free. W.E.B. Dubois was a great intellectual that believed that Africa had to be freed from colonial rule in order for African Americans to be freed. The Great Depression greatly affected Africa and cities began to grow fast. And they were overcrowded and poverty began to grow. The Europeans could not control this situation because all the attention was on World War II. And Africa was basically forgotten. So there was more protests against colonial rule from Africans everywhere.The Italian invasion on Ethiopia was a turning point in African history, because Ethiopia was the only independent country in Africa. If it was taken over Africa would have lost hope of becoming independent. So African Americans and Africans gave a lot of support to keep Ethiopia free.                                    
MALCOLM X EXPLAINS BLACK NATIONALISM (March 29, 1964)

Nationalism In Asia

Mohandas Gandhi

Gandhi played a big role in India gaining their independence. He spent 20 years in South Africa working on ways to end discrimination in India. Gandhi used a non-violent approach to protest against discrimination. Gandhi ways influenced many different civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King Jr.
Gandhi's first protest (in South Africa)

Rise Of Communism

The rise of communism in China started with Boxer Rebellion in 1900. It lead to many problems for the problems like starvation and extreme poverty. So a man named Mao Zedong became accepted by the people. And Mao Zedong was influenced by a man named Karl Manx, who was one of the pioneers of Communism. Then China had several things that happened that was leading to Communism. The rough times were mainly Mao Zedong fault. He had the support of about 85% of the nation, who were mainly poor people, and started a society to study Marxism. And then in 1921 the members of the society created the Chinese Communist Party.

Essential Questions

Nationalism in Africa Question

Why do you think the African nationalist wanted the Africans to have some pride about themselves?

Nationalism in Asia Question

Why do you think Mao Zedong was able to get the support of mainly the poor people in the country?
20th Century Nationalism Part 2 (20th-Century Nationalism Part 2)