Clauses of Contrast
They are used to express a contrast.
They are introduced with the following words of phrases
but, although, even though and though, despite and in spite of, however, nevertheless, while and whereas, yet, still and on the other hand
When used in writing, it's very important that you pay attention to the punctuation
Although, Even though, Though
- Although /Even though/Though it was winter, it was warm.
- It was warm although /even though/though it was winter. (no comma)
- It was winter. It was warm, though.
But (remember punctuation)
- Followed by noun
- Despite the rain, he went out
- In spite of the rain, he went out
2. Followed by an -ing form
- Despite winning, he was sad
- In spite of winning, he was sad
3. Followed by a sentence
- Despite the fact that it was raining, he went out
- In spite of the fact that it was raining, he went out
If the clause of contrast comes second in the sentence, there's no comma.
Ex: He was sad despite winning.
However and Nevertheless
A comma is always used after "however" and "nevertheless".
While and Whereas
Yet (formal) and Still (pay attention to the punctuation)
- The fire was widespread, yet no property was damaged.
- My car is old. Still, it is in very good condition.
On the other hand
On the other hand, bicycles are.
Bicycles, on the other hand, are.