Canada in 2060

By : JAZA ZAFAR

Introduction

Nothing really stays the same over the years. Neither will Canada. Many things will change in the future like the demography, birth and death rates, and the first nation status. Read on for more details on the topics.

Immigration

Current Status of Canada

From 1989-2013 the immigration trend has rapidly increased. Starting from 191,556 immigrants annually to 258,953 people annually (Government of Canada, 2014). The natural increase rate in Canada is 3/1000 people. Canada has roughly 35.5 million people. 16.1% of the population is from the age of 0-14 years old, 40.4% are in their median years and 15.7% of the population is 65 years old or older (Government of Canada, 2015). Of the three Aboriginal groups, the First Nation's (851,560) has the largest population, followed by the Métis (451,795), and Inuits (59,445) (Employment and Social Development Canada, 2015).

Future

In the year 2060, Canada's population growth may be based on immigrants coming into Canada. Today, Canada is multicultural and most of Canada's population is based on it's immigrants. In the year 2060, there will be a great amount of immigrants in every province. In 2060 communities and cities will grow. In 2010 there was 280000 immigrants, if the immigration continues at this rate, Canada will have around 440000 immigrants in 2060.
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Which part do most immigrants go to ??

Most immigrants who come to Canada in 2060 will tend to go to more industrialized provinces. Some of the provinces the're most likely to immigrate to include Ontario, British Columbia and Quebec. As a result of this there are fewer jobs available in these provinces. Provinces such as these ones tend to be more industrialized because the citizens accept the race and religions of others.

Key Predictions

The major source of Canada's population immigrates to Canada, this will carry on to become a tradition until 2060. Canada 2060 will have a very high net migration rate because many people will be entering and few will be leaving. By 2060 Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia will become overpopulated countries. This is because most immigrants go to these province causing causing the province to end up in this situation. In conclusion I feel Canada 2060 will be a successful country and will continue to grow.

Immigration Trends

Birth Rate

The annual birth rate is said to be low. This is because the fertility rate is fluctuating; this means the rate can be up or down. For example during the baby boom, the birth rate was really high but during the great depression the birth rate was down. Eventually the birth rate went down due to the lack of resources given to each person. The cost of living also went up making it hard to have a good survival rate. Therefore the birth rate is going to be low. (Government of Canada, Jul-10-2013)
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Death Rate

The death rate is believed to be high. This is because when the baby boomers reach the age off 65+ there will be more deaths. This is because there is a lot of population that are about 65+ and their mortality rate will increase due to their age. The post reproductive stage contains more people than the pre-reproductive stage. This means that there will be a high mortality rate due less health care. there will also be less skilled workers to keep there pension running this will also result in more deaths (Simeran Rehal, Oct-14-2013)

Small Families

By 2060 families in Canada will choose to have smaller families for many reasons. The expenses per family will decrease tremendously as they won't have to pay for a child's education, food, clothing and healthcare. Families with more than 2 children will have financial constraints such as no pay with maternity leave and only 6% of companies offering flexible schedules for pregnant women. By 2060, Canada's population will have decreased massively due to smaller families.

key predictions

By 2060 Canada will have an estimated population between 40 and 63 million people. The Baby Boomer population will have been retired and some of them may have even passed away. As a result of this Canada's population will be decreasing and aging by the year 2060. More of the population will be aging in Canada, for this the government will have to pay extra money to help support the baby boomers in retirement. The birth rate will be lower than the death rate causing a decline in Canada's 2060 population. I think Canada's population will have decreased by a lot by 2060 and this will cause problems in Canada's demographic model.

FIRST NATIONS, METIS & INUIT TRENDS

The Relationship with Canadians

In 2060 the aboriginal community will have a better relationship with Canadians therefore being returned there equality rights. This is because in the Indian Act of 1876, the aboriginals were treated harshly and rudely. There was no room to complain, they had no power and they were even banned from their traditional ceremony's . Canada has a reputation to uphold like their a kind country so as people are slowly getting aware of whats happening to them, Canada will do something and there will be equal rights in 2060. Therefore in the upcoming 45 years there will be a change in aboriginal expansion.

Job Opportunities

The job opportunities for the aboriginals will expand in many different ways in 2060 .This is because there will be more equality rights so the aboriginal will have a better education thus being easier to find jobs. If the population is educated there will be an increase in jobs. This also means the economy will be stable and more and more people will want jobs. The aboriginals will have a good reputation for working and will get better opportunities around the country. This results in the aboriginals moving around and making it better for the economy and for them. They also will get a better pay and they will use the money to support their families. Therefore in the future the job opportunities of the aboriginals will be really beneficial for them and for us.

Aboriginals Population

Today the aboriginals make up 4.3% of Canada's total population. 61% of the aboriginals are First Nations, 32% Metis and 4% Inuit, out of all of these people only 1 in every 6 can have an actual conversation in one of the aboriginal languages. In 2060 the population growth rate of the aboriginals themselves will be greater than Canada's general population growth rate, meaning their population will most likely continue to increase as the years go by.

Key Predictions

The future of the First Nations, Metis and the Inuit people will be different in 2060 for the following three main reasons:


  • their rights will be given back to them and they will be treated the same as a non-aboriginal
  • they will increase in population so much that they will be more in number than the number of Canadians
  • their relationships with Canadians and non-aboriginals will strengthen

Imagining Canada's Future

Jaza Zafar

My life in 2060 at Canada by Jaza Zafar