South Asia

Shay Brittany Whitney

China's rise economically and growing influence around the world

The last 30 years China's growth has been exceptional. They had the perfect balance of supply and demand, where they would supply the people who demanded their products. China has the 2nd largest economy in the world. The provide lots of products for countries all around the world. China is the world's second largest importing country. They are the world's first exporting country. China delivers goods and products to all around the world. China's economy has prospered so well because in 1979 the country switched to a free enterprise economy.

Hinduism vs. Buddhism

Hinduism v.s. Buddhism

Similarities- Both originated in the Indian subcontinent and share a very long, but rather peculiar and uncomfortable relationship. Both believe in the concept of karma, transmigration of souls and the cycle of births and deaths for each soul. Both also emphasize compassion and non-violence towards all living beings. Both believe in the existence of several hells and heavens. Both believe in the existence of gods. Both believe in certain spiritual practices such as meditations, concentration, cultivation of certain state of minds. Both consider desire as the chief cause of suffering. Both have their own versions of Tantra. Both originated and evolved on the Indian soul.

Differences- Hinduism is not founded by any particular prophet. Buddhism was founded by the Buddha. Buddhism believes in the concept of Bodhisattvas, Hinduism doesn’t believe in it. Buddhism acknowledges pantheon, but gives them a rather subordinate status. Buddhism has a founder named Gautama Buddha but Hinduism has no credited particular founder. Hinduism believes in the efficacy and supremacy of the Vedas, the Buddhist do not believe in the Vedas or for that matter any Hindu scripture. Buddhism does not believe in the exstience of souls as well as in the first cause, whom we usually call God, Hinduism believes in the exstience of Atman that is the individual soul and Brahman, the supreme creator. Hindus also believe in the four Ashramas or stages of life. This is not followed in Buddhism.

The Kashmir Conflict

The Kashmir conflict is between India and Pakistan fighting over the Kashmir region, which is located right in between these 2 regions. India thinks that Kashmir is a part of India. Meanwhile Pakistan believes that Kashmir is the "jugular vein of Pakistan". The final decision is based off of what the Kashmir people want. India and Pakistan have fought at least 3 wars over Kashmir. A lot of people believe that this is a religious based war. India is Hindu and Pakistan is Islamic. Meanwhile, the predominant religion in Kashmir is Islam. They are all 3 different religions, so that doesn't make it easier for the region of Kashmir to choose a side. Pakistan and India will continue to persuade Kashmir to join their country to increase their land, but Kashmir also has the choice to go independent.

The Caste System

The Caste System is a particularly Hindu society. The government runs and controls it.Basically the caste system “sorts” people into classes. It’s extremely opinionated and judgemental. The top “level” is Brahmins. It consists of priests and other very powerful and high ranked people. The Second “level” is Kshatriyas. It consists of warriors, which are soldiers, and rulers. The third “level” is Vaisyas. It consists a lot of the population, herder, farmers, merchants, craftspeople. The fourth “level” is Sudras, it consists of farm workers, servants, and laborers. The Caste System rank people and helps keep the population in control. You can only marry someone who is in your class. There are many other rules.

China's 1 child per family policy

This policy was started in China in 1979 to control population explosion. The leaders did this because they didn’t want a huge population to ruin the economy and increase risk for disease in this country. The women were upset with it, but they understand now. There are a few ways for the families to have more than 1 child, and those include: twins, rural couples, ethnic minorities, and couples who are both are only children themselves. The couples can also pay a huge fine to be able to have another child.