Date Palm Cultivation in U.A.E

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Introdution on date palm cultivation in U.A.E

The United Arab Emirates (U.A.E), proclaimed on the 2nd December 1971, is set up of seven Emirates with Abu Dhabi the capital of the State. U.A.E, with a total land area of 83,600 km² (including approximately 200 islands) is inhabited by 2.443 million.


climate

Climatically, the country is divided into two ecological zones which greatly influence the agricultural production: These are the coastal region with hot and humid summers and warm winters, and the inland region which is more dryer.


The annual income

The annual date production in U.A.E has jumped from less than 8,000 metric tonnes (MT) in 1971 to more than 240,000 MT in 1995, an increase of about 30 fold. The date fruit import had consequently dropped from 100,000 MT (1989) to 12,000 MT (1994). The decline corresponds with an increase in the country’s production of 100,000 MT over the same period. The export of dates had also jumped from zero (0) in 1971 to above 50,000 MT in 1998 with a value of US$ 15 million. The country exports its dates to India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Pakistan.


The Red Palm Weevil


The Red Palm Weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olive., is considered a major pest of the date palm in the Middle East where it causes severe damage. During a period of 5 years, the RPW infected trees in the UAE jumped from 1,3000 (1990) to 44,000 date palms (1995). This pest infestation is annually doubling with a rate of 2.02 and constitues a threat to the date industry in the country, as well as to the whole region.


Done By: Nevin Joe Ninan
Class: 9-O
Subject :biolaygy