Middle East news

Olivia Roemhildt

Wadi

Dry riverbed filled by rainwater from rare downpour


Water sometimes comes from seasonal wadis, or dry riverbeds files by rainwater from rare downpours. The desert also holds oases.

Silt

Small particles of rich soil


The swollen river carried silt, or small particles of rich soil. When it reached Egypt, the Nile flooded its banks. As the floodwater withdrew, the silt was left behind, making the land better for farming.

Erg

Huge area of shifting sand dunes in the Sahara


Between the mountain ranges are areas of the Sahara known as ergs, or hug, shifting sand dunes.

Ditch Witch Silt Fence Installer
Grain - HD Time Lapse of Great Sand Dunes National Park

Do you really know everything about Suez Canal?

1. The Suez Canal is still one of the world's most important waterways.


2. A human-made waterway called the Suez Canal separates the sinal.


3. Ships use the canal to pass from the Mediterranean sea to the Red Sea.

Three things you need to know about Sahara Desert

1. The Sahara is about the size of the United States.


2. The Easter and Libyan Deserts are part of the Sahara, which is the largest desert in the world.


3. Sahara comes from the Arabic word meaning "desert".

Short way to Iraq

1. The world's first known cities arose between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.


2. About 70 percent of Iraq's 24.2 million people live in urban areas.


3. Modern Iraq gained its independence as a kingdom in 1932.