English Civil War

Tyler Grogan, Amanda Ortiz, Ethan K, Yoshi (Austin) Gardner

The Three Battles of the English Civil War

-The Battle Of Edge Hill (1642)

-The Battle Of Marston Moor (1644)

-The Battle Of Naseby (1645)

Reason for the War...

The English Civil War began when Charles I offended the Scots causing a war between the countries, and Parliament was the only way Charles could finance his war Charles I, being a firm believer in the divine right of kings would not accept this. Charles attempted to arrest 5 Parliamentarians for criticizing him. Parliament was warned and the critics fled but the relations between the King and Parliament worsened. The tensions eventually broke into a war basically between the People and Royalty.

The Victor

The war was between Charles I and parliament. Parliament being advisors to the king, much like modern day congress. Parliament was the clear victor.

Document: True and Happy Newes

The document is looking into somebody's eyes during the battle of Powic Bridge in 1642. He talks about his concern of the city of London and how people recat to his resolution

Parliamentarian Commanders

  • Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, head of the army, preferred a diplomatic angle.
  • Sir Thomas, Lord Fairfax, Commanded the Parliamentarian forces in the north.
  • Oliver Cromwell, born lower class became the most successful General throughout the war.

Royalist Commanders

  • King Charles I, head of the "Royalist."
  • William Cavendish, Earl of Newcastle, commander of the Royalist northern forces.
  • Prince Rupert of the Rhine, nephew of Charles I, Faction heir, exceptional cavalry leader.