Autism

Kambree Hillis 1st period

What is Autism?

Autism spectrum disorder (also called ASD) is a developmental disability that can cause major social, communication and behavior challenges. People with ASD may communicate, interact, behave and learn in ways that are different from most other people. Some people with ASD have strong skills in learning, thinking and solving problems; others have severe challenges with these skills. Some people with ASD need a lot of help in their daily lives, but others need less help.

Causes.

Premature babies (babies born before 37 weeks of pregnancy) may be more likely to show signs or symptoms of ASD than other babies. Health care providers can sometimes detect ASD in a child at 18 months old or younger. By the time a child is 2 years old, a provider may give an ASD diagnosis. But many children don’t get a final diagnosis until they’re much older. This delay means children with ASD may not get the early help they need.

Symptoms.

Autism

Treatment

  • behavioral therapy (using rewards to help kids learn all kinds of skills)
  • educational interventions (school-based help with academic subjects)
  • speech therapy (to help kids talk and understand words)
  • occupational therapy (to help kids with things like balance, coordination, and handwriting)
  • Life Expectancy

    No one dies from autism in the direct sense, but some people with low-functioning autism can have poor understanding of danger, therefore are more likely to die from accidents.

    Facts:

    Autism now affects 1 in 68 children and 1 in 42 boys
  • Autism prevalence figures are growing
  • Autism is one of the fastest-growing developmental disorders in the U.S.