The Middle colonies

Bilal, Eric, Jenna, Kody, and Matt

Why were these colonies founded?

· Delaware- intended to trade with local Indians.

· Pennsylvania- to create a colony that allowed for freedom of religion.

· New York- for trade and furs

· New Jersey- for farming and trade.

What role did religion play?

Religion didn’t play much of a role, but Quakers, Catholics, Jews, Lutherans and Presbyterians were religions with the most numbers.

What were the economic conditions?

They enjoyed a successful and diverse economy, many jobs were important in keeping the economy running well, such as: Logging, shipbuilding, textiles production, and papermaking.


  • Founded by Peter Minuit and others in 1638


  • Founded by William Penn and others in 1682

New York

  • Founded by Peter Minuit and others in 1626

New Jersey

Founded by English colonists in 1664

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What were the geographical characteristics?

  • Delaware- water covers 2/3 the coast of Delaware, has over 50 freshwater lakes and ponds, and nearly all of Delaware is on the water.
  • Pennsylvania- very hilly, excellent soil for agriculture, and there were harsh winters.
  • New York- Dry and hot summers, cold winters with lots of snow, lots of moutains and forests
  • New Jersey- very rocky, rich virgin soil, and the winters were typically cold and summers are hot and timid.

Other facts

· The Middle colonies spanned the Mid-Atlantic region of America and were temperate in climate with warm summers and cold winters. ]

· Geography ranged from coastal plains along the coastline, piedmont in the middle, and mountains farther inland.

· These colonies were known as the “breadbasket” because of the large amounts of barley, wheat, oats, and rye that were grown here.