Architectural Terminology

By: Erian Brown

Arch



a curved symmetrical structure spanning an opening and typically supporting the weight of a bridge, roof, or wall above it.

Fanlight

a small semicircular or rectangular window over a door or another window.
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Dormer

a window that projects vertically from a sloping roof.
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Fluting

a groove or set of grooves forming a surface decoration.
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Masonry

stonework
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Parapet

a low protective wall along the edge of a roof, bridge, or balcony.
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Pilaster

a rectangular column, especially one projecting from a wall.
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Portico

a structure consisting of a roof supported by columns at regular intervals, typically attached as a porch to a building.
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Roof

the structure forming the upper covering of a building or vehicle.
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Stucco

fine plaster used for coating wall surfaces or molding into architectural decorations.
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Wainscot

an area of wooden paneling on the lower part of the walls of a room.
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Chimney

a vertical channel or pipe that conducts smoke and combustion gases up from a fire or furnace and typically through the roof of a building.
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Corbel

a projection jutting out from a wall to support a structure above it.
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Eaves

the part of a roof that meets or overhangs the walls of a building.
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Finial

a distinctive ornament at the apex of a roof, pinnacle, canopy, or similar structure in a building.
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Frieze

a broad horizontal band of sculpted or painted decoration, especially on a wall near the ceiling.
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Molding

an ornamentally shaped outline as an architectural feature, especially in a cornice.
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Pediment

the triangular upper part of the front of a building in classical style, typically surmounting a portico of columns.
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Pilar

a tall vertical structure of stone, wood, or metal, used as a support for a building, or as an ornament or monument.
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Quion

an external angle of a wall or building.
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Sill

a shelf or slab of stone, wood, or metal at the foot of a window or doorway.
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Tower

a tall narrow building, either freestanding or forming part of a building such as a church or castle.
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Buttress

a projecting support of stone or brick built against a wall.
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Column

an upright pillar, typically cylindrical and made of stone or concrete, supporting an entablature, arch, or other structure or standing alone as a monument.
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Cupola

  1. a small dome, especially a small dome on a drum on top of a larger dome, adorning a roof or ceiling

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Facade

the face of a building, especially the principal front that looks onto a street or open space.
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Lintel

a horizontal support of timber, stone, concrete, or steel across the top of a door or window.
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Mullion

a vertical bar between the panes of glass in a window.
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Pendant

Hanging downward
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Porch

a covered shelter projecting in front of the entrance of a building.
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Rafter

one of several internal beams extending from the eaves to the peak of a roof and constituting its framework.
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Column captail

  1. In architecture the capital (from the Latin caput, or "head") forms the topmost member of a column (or pilaster). It mediates between the column and the load thrusting down upon it, broadening the area of the column's supporting surface.

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