The Important Stuff!!
1455 - 1485: The War of the Roses
A continuous conflict for the English thrown between two Houses in England, the Lancasters and the Yorks. In the end, the Tudors (a family related to the Lancasters) led the family to victory. The conflict was named for the representative badges of the families: a red rose for the Lancasters, a white rose for the Yorks.
1478: The Spanish Inquisition Begins
The Spanish Inquisition was used for both political and religious reasons. Following the Crusades and the Reconquest of Spain by the Christian Spaniards the leaders of Spain needed a way to unify the country into a strong nation. Methods of coercion were frequently used.
1494: Ludovico Sforza Permits the French Invasion of Italy
In an attempt to weaken his enemy, the King of Naples, Ludovico invites the French to invade Italy, granting them free passage through Milan. Though this invasion fails, the French return in 1499, turning on Ludovico and taking Milan, and opening an era of foreign competition for Italian land.
1514: Michelangelo Paints the Sistine Chapel
The painting is a cornerstone work of High Renaissance art. The ceiling is that of the large Papal Chapel built within the Vatican The ceiling's various painted elements form part of a larger scheme of decoration within the Chapel, which includes the large fresco The Last Judgment on the sanctuary wall, also by Michelangelo.
May 6, 1527: The Sack of Rome
After Pope Clement VII refuses to grant the imperial army a ransom, it attacks the city of Rome, taking the city in just over twelve hours. The sack of Rome symbolizes the downfall of Renaissance Italy, much of which is subjugated to Imperial-Spanish rule by the settlement of Bologna in 1530.