NUCLEAR POWER, FRIEND OR FOE?

the effects nuclear power has on our society!!

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NUCLEAR POWER: A form of energy produced by an atomic reaction, capable of producing an alternative source of electrical power to that supplied by coal, gas, or oil.

BACKGROUND INFO ABOUT NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS:


  • use heat from nuclear fission
  • convert water to steam, which is what powers the generators to generate electricity that can also be given off from fossil fuels
  • produce around 20% of US's power
  • "Almost 3 million Americans live in a ten-mile distance from an operating power plant." This is important because if a disaster occurs, many people would be affected.

NUCLEAR POWER IS A FOE...

IT SHOULD NOT BE USED TO FIGHT GLOBAL WARMING


  • Global warming is known as an occurring problem, due to trapped greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
  • Nuclear power plants can't be built quickly enough, while being safe for the environment.
  • In the near future, global warming will be a SERIOUS issue and nuclear power plants won't be able to provide a solution for a climate change.
  • "Mining & refining uranium can create environmental and health problems including degrading aquifers; huge tailing and mine waste issues exposed to the surface; mine, transportation and mill workers exposure to radon and uranium, and other mining related issues." this shows that there aren't just positive aspects of switching to nuclear power...

HIGH COSTS FOR NUCLEAR ENERGY

IS IT WORTH THE PRICE??

  • This also explains why we couldn't use nuclear power against global warming.
  • Nuclear power plants, ranging from $2.5-$4 billion, take 25 to 40 years to build.
  • Have to consider safety regulations in the price. (so nothing goes wrong)
  • "In 2005's jump start of nuclear power capacity, the government had to pay around $10 billion in subsidies to make up for the high costs." This stands out the most because if the government had to pay that much just to make up from the high costs, I wonder how much it was in the beginning...
Ineos boss Hinkley C nuclear energy too expensive

NUCLEAR POWER AFFECTING THE ENVIRONMENT

although nuclear power provides energy by a PHYSICAL process, and not releasing any CO2 or greenhouse gases, accidents happen...


  • "Nuclear Meltdown" refers to the process in which the heat generated by a nuclear reactor exceeds its limit.
  • This could harm the environment if radioactive materials get released, which can result in radioactive contamination and fallout.
  • "It could also potentially lead to radiation poisoning to the people/ animals nearby." This was shocking because around 3 million people in the US live ten miles or closer to a nuclear power plant...

CHERNOBYL

  • In April 1986, due to a failure to observe safety procedures during a testing of a nuclear reactor, a chain reaction lost control, (with explosions and a fireball) forcing the lid of the reactor to blow off.
  • more than 30 people died IMMEDIATELY
  • 2,500 people died ULTIMATELY
  • "135,000 people were forced to evacuate from the area because of high radiation levels within a 20-mile radius." Being at risk to high radiation for TWENTY MILES is crazy!!!
  • After the event there were increased levels of cancer (particularly thyroid), psychological repercussions, severe fall in income of area, and a $12.8 billion cost to Soviet economy.

JAPAN (FUKUSHIMA)

  • In 2011, a 15-metre tsunami that followed an earthquake disabled power supply and cooling of 3 reactors
  • 3 nuclear meltdowns occurred and released radioactive materials
  • (In non-sciency terms, there was a big boom and explosion)
  • "The lives of hundreds of thousands of people continue to be affected by the Fukushima nuclear disaster, especially the 160,000 who fled their homes because of radioactive contamination." This statement explains how none of the reactors are free from errors and how one error can effets thousands of lives forever.
  • Some people say that the Fukushima Disaster was 100 times worse than Chernobyl...
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HIROSHIMA and NAGASAKI

  • In August 1945, the US Air Force dropped 2 ATOMIC BOMBS on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
  • Bombs killed around 240,00 people: about 1/2 directly from the bombs and 1/2 from radiation sickness and injuries in the following days, weeks, months, and years.
  • The bombs caused hundreds of thousands of civilian deaths and were followed by the surrender of Japan and the end of World War 2.
  • This brings us to the last topic.........

TERRORISM

NUCLEAR POWER SHOULD DEFINITELY NOT BE ALLOWED BECAUSE OF RISK OF DAMAGE FROM TERRORISTS!!!

  • "In his January 2002 State of the Union speech, President Bush said that U.S. forces “found diagrams of American nuclear power plants” in al-Qaeda materials in Afghanistan." I DIDN'T KNOW ABOUT THIS!!! THAT IS CRAZY!!! OMG!!!
  • Because of our widespread population of nuclear power plants, terrorists could target the and take out whole cities!
  • or.......they could drop their own atomic bombs on us, like we did to Hiroshima and Nagasaki. That history doesn't need to repeat itself...

LET'S MAKE A GOOD DECISION AND NOT USE ANY FORM OF NUCLEAR POWER BECAUSE OF THE DAMAGE IT CAUSES AND PEOPLE IT KILLS!!!

OTHER FACTS ABOUT HARMFUL NUCLEAR POWER...

  • From 2001-2006, 150 reports of nuclear power plants not performing with acceptable safety guidelines.
  • In 2010, it was decided that there were at least 56 accidents with nuclear reactors.
  • The most major accident in the U.S. was the Three Mile Island accident in 1979

WORKS CITED PAGE

Works Cited

"Center for Environment, Commerce & Energy." : Nuclear Power Plants Closing. L.A Times, 10 Oct. 2012. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.

Cfr.org Editorial Staff. "Targets for Terrorism: Nuclear Facilities." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, 01 Jan. 2006. Web. 04 Dec. 2015.

"Chernobyl Disaster Spurs Ecological Movements in Eastern Europe." Environmental Issues: Essential Primary Sources. Ed. Brenda Wilmoth Lerner and K. Lee Lerner. Detroit: Gale, 2006. 478-480.Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.

Daly, Matthew. "A New Nuclear Power Plant Might Be Built in Georgia." - The Denver Post. The Associated Press, 19 Feb. 2014. Web. 01 Dec. 2015.

Gopinath. "What Is Nuclear Meltdown?" Tech Dreams. Word Press, 13 Mar. 2011. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.

"Happy Face Images on Photobucket." Photobucket. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2015.

"Ineos Boss Hinkley C Nuclear Energy Too Expensive." YouTube. N.p., 16 Dec. 2013. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.

"Japan Nuclear Reactor Meltdown Disaster." Vegtalk.org. PhpBB, 17 Mar. 2011. Web. 2 Dec. 2015.

Ling, Katherine. "Nuclear Power Cannot Solve Climate Change." Scientific American Global RSS. N.p., 27 Mar. 2009. Web. 01 Dec. 2015.

Ludwig, Gerd. "Chernobyl Victims." The Long Shadow of Chernobyl RSS. Wordpress, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2015.

Natural Resources Defense Council. "Nuclear Power Is Not a Sound Strategy to Fight Global Warming." Nuclear Power. Ed. Lynn M. Zott and Helga Schier. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2013. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Nuclear Facts." 2007. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 1 Dec. 2015.

"Nuclear Energy and the Environment." Foro Nuclear. FORO NUCLEAR, 2014. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.

"Nuclear Power Plants." Nuclear Power Plants. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.

"Nuclear Reactor Accidents in the United States." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 21 Feb. 2015. Web. 04 Dec. 2015.

Ulmer-Scholle, Dana S. "The Basics of Nuclear Energy — Why Nuclear Power?" Nuclear Energy Basics: Why Nuclear Power? N.p., 21 Sept. 2015. Web. 01 Dec. 2015.

"What Happened at Hiroshima and Nagasaki?" Newsround.com. CBBC, 5 Aug. 2005. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.

"World Nuclear Association." Fukushima Accident. World Nuclear Association, Oct. 2015. Web. 03 Dec. 2015.