Parthenon

Athens, Greece

Architects

Iktinos, Kallikrates

Building Materials/Style

The Parthenon has a foundation of limestone. The Building is made of Pentelic marble(a flawless white marble from mount pentelicus). The Parthenon utilized a rare combination of Doric and Ionic style architecture. It is mainly a Doric style temple, characterized by the kind of columns used, but it incorporated elements of ionic architectural style. Doric Columns are generally thicker, while ionic columns are usually thinner. Doric pillars were used around the outside of the temple but ionic columns were used to support some interior structures.

Construction

Construction began in 447 BCE and continued until 432 BCE. 15 years of construction.

Setbacks

Using Pentelic marble delayed much of the construction because the white marble had to be quarried at Mount Pentelicus, about 15 miles away, transported to Athens, and then chiseled away to the desired shape and design for each piece of the temple.

Architectural Style

Classical Greek Temple- Rectangular floor plan with large columns supporting tall roof. The ceiling stood nearly 40 ft. high in order to house the Athena Parthenos. Rare combination of Doric an Ionic style.

Historically Significant Events

The Athenians were building a temple on the same site that the Parthenon now stands during the 480's BCE. In 480 BCE during the Persian invasion, the Persians burned and destroyed that temple. The Parthenon was built to replace it.

Construction was finished in 432 BCE, but it was dedicated in 438 BCE.

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