Career Technical Education

Pathway to the World


There has been an increasing concern about the preparation of America's youth for the workforce. For many years students have been forced to choose either academic education or vocational education. The reauthorization of Perkins IV in 2006 sought to integrate academics and skill so that students no longer have to choose but may leave high school both college and career ready. "The goal of Perkins IV was to develop a seamless system allowing all students the opportunity to prepare for work, college, and life." (Stringfield, Shumer, Stipanovic, and Murphy, 2013, p. i)


Bloomfield, A., Foster, J., Hodes, C., Konopnicki, P., & Pritz, S. (2013). One tool for retaining students. Techniques: Connecting Education & Careers, 88(2), 24-27

Hyslop, A. (2012). Programs of study. Techniques: Connecting Education & Careers, 87(1), 16-19.

Kemple, J. J., & Snipes, J. C. (2000). Career academies: Impacts on students' engagement and performance in high school.

Plank, S. B., DeLuca, S., & Estacion, A. (2008). High school dropout and the role of career and technical education: A survival analysis of surviving high school. Sociology of Education, 81(4). 345-370.

Stone, J., & Aliaga, O.A. (2005) Career & Technical Education and School-to-Work at the End of the 20th Century: Participation and Outcomes. Career and Technical Education Research, 20(2), 125-144.

Stringfield, S., Shumer, R., Stipanovic, N., & Murphy, N. (2013). Programs of Study: A Cross-Study Examination Of Programs in Three States. International Journal of Educational Reform, 22(4), 313-333.

Kimberly H. Davis

Career Technical Director