Muscular Dystrophy

Information you need to know

Definition

What is this?

This disorder can cause the muscles in our bodies to become weak or hard to move. Also this disorder can cause the muscles to lose their density. It is very important to get treatment because this person could stop breathing and/or cannot swallow.

Symptoms

What are the symptoms of this disorder?

There are many symptoms and can be different for every type of muscular dystrophy. Most of the symptoms will start around the age of 2 or 3. Some of the most common symptoms are not being able to get up from sitting or laying down positions, falls a lot, calf muscles are large, mostly walks on tops of toes, and has trouble learning new things. Some of the complications that someone can have is they cannot breath, can't chew or swallow food, or not being able to move some parts of there body.

developing this disorder

How can someone develop this?

A person can be affected by this disorder because it was passed down from another family member. Another way a person can obtain this disorder is if someone in their gene line was/is a carrier of this disorder. This disorder is shown in the base pair 31,119,219 to base pair 33,339,609 on the X chromosome. This disorder is a recessive trait and someone can be a carrier of this disorder. Something that can increase the chances of having a child with MD is a person in their gene line having the disorder and passing it down. Also chances can be increased if you or your spouse is a carrier of Muscular Dystrophy. The chart below shows the possibilities if you or your spouse is a carrier of Muscular Dystrophy.
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This chart shows how a boy or girl can get MD from their parents.


"Causes/Inheritance Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy." Muscular Dystrophy Association. Muscular Dystrophy Association Inc., 10 Apr. 2014. Web. 08 Dec. 2015. <https://www.mda.org/disease/duchenne-muscular-dystrophy/causes-inheritance>.

Testing and addtional information

Can this disorder be detected by testing? Can you go somewhere for more information?

This disorder is not being able to be detected by standard carrier testing.There is research being done like pharmacologists are doing research to see if they can find a treatment to repair or replace the missing gene. If that dose not work then they will try to make a treatment that can make the mussel cells produce normal dystrophin. But there is care that can be done to help someone with this disorder. Also there is research in many organizations like the Muscular Dystrophy Association where you can get more information on Muscular Dystrophy. There is also places like the Mayo clinic where you can go to see a specialist about this disorder.

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"DMD Gene." Genetics Home Reference. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 07 Feb. 2015. Web. 08 Dec. 2015. <http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/gene/DMD>.

reference's

  1. "Causes/Inheritance Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy." Muscular Dystrophy Association. Muscular Dystrophy Association Inc., 10 Apr. 2014. Web. 08 Dec. 2015. <https://www.mda.org/disease/duchenne-muscular-dystrophy/causes-inheritance>.
  2. "Facts about Muscular Dystrophy." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 14 Apr. 2015. Web. 09 Dec. 2015. <http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/musculardystrophy/facts.html>
  3. "NINDS Muscular Dystrophy Information Page." Muscular Dystrophy Information Page: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). Health and Human Services, 05 Nov. 2015. Web. 09 Dec. 2015 <http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/md/md.htm>
  4. Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Muscular Dystrophy." - Mayo Clinic. Health on the Net Foundation, 27 Nov. 2014. Web. 09 Dec. 2015. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/muscular-dystrophy/basics/definition/con-20021240>.
  5. "Pharmacological Therapies." Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy. National Health Council, 2015. Web. 11 Dec. 2015. <http://www.parentprojectmd.org/site/PageServer?pagename=Advance_research_strategies_pharmacological>.