Multiple Personality Disorder

Allie Twist - 10/13/15 - Period 5

(also called Dissociate Identity Disorder)

Definition:

a condition in which a person develops two or more separate personalities

"You never know which of my completely different personalities I am going to have!"

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Causes:

  • severe child-hood abuse
  • severe emotional (overwhelming) trauma
  • loss of a parent or family member or close friend

Symptoms:


  • impulsive
  • self-destructive behavior
  • self-harm
  • anxiety
  • feeling detached from self
  • mood swings
  • altered consciousness
  • depression
  • time and memory lapses
  • amnesia or blackout

Gender & Age Specific:

Dissociative Identity Disorder is 9x more common in females than in males

Dissociative Identity Disorder is linked to childhood abuse in 95-98% of the cases

Background:

In 1989 Frank W. Putnam wrote a book called "Diagnosis and Treatment of Multiple Personality Disorder". This book educated people on the disorder. For a long time people did not think it was a real disorder. In 1988 Milstein V. Carter Memorial Hospital did a clinical investigation of 50 cases and concluded that the disorder is strongly related to childhood trauma. Dissociative Identity Disorder was called Multiple Personality Disorder until 1994. The name was changed to create a better understanding of the condition. This once rarely reported disorder has become more common. Diagnosis of Dissociative Identity Disorder is not usually made until adulthood.

People with this disorder can also suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.

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Treatments:

  • The primary treatment is long-term psychotherapy -
In this therapy the goal would be deconstructing the different personalities and making them into one



  • there are no medications that specifically treat this disorder - but some medications they can take to help with and control the disorder are;
-antidepressants


-anti-anxiety drugs

-tranquilizers



  • Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)
(It combines the patients traumatic memories with hand movement in front of your face.


This treatment can weaken the effects of negative emotions on the patient.

The goal is that your disturbing memories will become less traumatizing.)

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Agencies:




  • International Society for the Study Of Trauma and Dissociation
P: 703/610-9037
F:703/610-0234
E: info@isst-d.org
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