Is Canada the greatest country



Canada is the second largest country in the world and a nation of great ethnic and cultural diversity. Canada is a country in North America that extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east, to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Canada borders the United States. The geography of Canada is mostly plains with mountains in the west. The government system is a parliamentary democracy, a federation, and a constitutional monarchy. The head of state is the Queen of the United Kingdom, and the head of government is the Prime Minister of Canada. Canada has a market economic system in which the prices of goods and services are determined in a free price system

immigration in Canada

  • Immigration has brought many benefits to Canada and to the people who immigrate to it. Immigration has been a major factor of developing the Canadian economy and also to reflect a good image about Canada
  • Those immigrants got provided with good health care and education in Canada also jobs

The criteria used in Canada to determine if someone can immigrate to it is what they can contribute to the economy and whether they have family members here or if they are refugees.

- Some immigrants are chosen because of what they can contribute to Canada's economy, while other people get to meet their families that are already in Canada.

- Refugees in Canada receive support from their sponsors (not the government)and help them settle into their lives in Canada

  • Many other people come to Canada aside from refugees such as tourists and visitors, temporary foreign workers and students.


Canada's current population is increasing but slowly that's due to many reasons such as low birth rate. Between 2001 and 2012, there were 4,262,454 births and 2,795,940 deaths in Canada, resulting in a natural increase of 1,466,514.

The number of birth rate has been decreasing through the years in Canada. Here are some of the reasons why there are so few babies at the time:

  1. birth control ability, family planning knowledge
  2. no need for large families , because people are not farmers anymore and the child's need right now are expensive.
  3. women working outside of home.
  4. increased education of women.
  5. people are starting to like "stuff" not kids.

Not only the number of birth rate has been decreasing ,the number of death rates has also been decreasing and this is why:

  1. medical knowledge ability
  2. food security
  3. climate is not a concern anymore
  4. low birth rate


In Canada there are 7 landform regions: Canadian Shield, Interior Plains, Arctic and Hudson bay lowlands, Western Cordillera, Great Lakes, Appalachians, and Innuitain Mountains.

Canadian Shield:

– Covers more than half of Canada. Relatively flat with rounded hills of metamorphic rock.

- Sparsely populated, farming is poor because the soil is too thin – Rock contains large quantities of valuable metallic minerals such as lead, gold, nickel, copper and zinc.


- Oldest highland region in Canada. EROSION has rounded the mountains over time, creating a landscape of rolling mountains and hills. Animals that characterize the Appalachian forests include squirrels, rabbits and deer. – Sedimentary rock rich in non-metallic minerals such as coal, with some igneous and metamorphic rock containing metallic minerals such as iron and zinc.

Innuitain Mountains: A mountain range in Canada's Arctic territories of Nunavut and the Northwest Territories. they prevent any vegetation from existing due to the cold weather. The innutian mountains consist of igneous and metamorphic rocks, but they mostly contain sedimentary rock. The Arctic Ocean surrounds the Innuitian mountains.

Great Lakes: South of the Canadian Shield in Ontario and Quebec.

Smallest landform region in Canada. Glaciers deposited a huge amount of soil, sand and gravel here, creating a landscape of flat plains with small hills and deep river valleys. -Prior heavy farming and urban sprawl. 50% of Canada’s population lives here – 70% of Canada’s manufacturing industries and located here. Well-suited to farming because of excellent soils and warm climate.

Hudson bay lowlands: – Around the southwestern shore of the Hudson Bay and James Bay in Ontario and Quebec. This is a layer of sedimentary rock rests on top of the underlying Shield. Flat low area covered by bogs and fens, and dotted with ponds, lakes and streams.

Western Cordillera: Along the western edge of Canada, covering most of Yukon territory and British Columbia and western Alberta. Created recently by the collision of the North American and Pacific plates Lightly populated, travel is difficult – Rich in minerals, timber, and sources of hydro electricity . Herbs, lichens and shrubs at higher elevations and various types of coniferous forest and grasslands at lower elevations .

Interior Plains: Extends through the middle of Canada from North to South, covering most of Alberta and Saskatchewan, and some of NWT and Manitoba. It is Very flat, with deep, fertile soil. It is Created when sediments from the Shield and the Rocky Mountains were deposited in shallow inland seas and compressed into layers of sedimentary rock.


Latitude: equators = hot The closer to the equator the warmer climate there is.

poles = cold. The close to pole the colder the climate there is.

Ocean currents: Ocean water carries the same temperature in where it's generated from. For example, water coming from the north pole is colder and will cool the land it passes.

Wind + air masses: wind carries the same climate properties as it where it comes from. Air that passes over land will pick the temperature of the land. Warm air is typically wet and cold air is typically dry even if it passes over bodies of water.

Elevation+ relief: first, elevation: Impact on temperature where the higher up the colder it is. Relief, impact on precipitation, elevation changes fore air to rise which leads to rain or snow.

Near water: In summer, the water is cooler than the land. The air passes over it, it cools and brings the cold temperature to the land. In winter, the water is warmer than the land, it brings warmer air to the land.

Sustainable resources

Industries in Canada: .

1. Primary industry, these industries take material from the natural environment and are always located in parts of Canada where appropriate resources are found.

Fishing: ocean fish, goldfish, pelagic fish and shellfish are some of the products that Coke from these industries. Canada is one of the world's leading exports of fishing, largely because Canadian don't eat much fish that is caught here. Furthermore, fish exports are much greater than the seafood imports, more than 80% of Canadian catch is exported.

Such an industry is also facing some challenges such as water pollution.

Farming: vegetable oil, wheat, cattle, grain, dairying , potatoes, tobacco and vegetables are some of the products that come from farming industries. Canadians rely on far,ears that produce food that is relatively inexpensive. Also agriculture products play a big role wi Canada's trade with other countries, mostly from vegetable oil products. This industry is facing some challenges: loss of farm land, mad cow disease, organic farming.

Coal and mining : coal industry contributes about 4.5 billion annually to the GDP. This industry also provides 55,000 jobs to Canadians. Coal is primarily used fuel in the generation of electricity. Some of the challenges is industry is facing are: that 93% of the coal consumed in Canada is already used. Half of the coal mined in Canada today is exported.

Forestry: forests play an important role in Canada's economy. The forest industry produces lumber, pulp and paper and other forests products worth about $81 billion dollars per year. Slightly more than half of is amount is exported to other countries. The industry also provides more than 360,000 direct jobs. Acid precipitation is a serious problem to forests in Canada.

Oil: Alberta is the largest producer of conventional crude oil, synthetic crude, natural gasand gas products in Canada. Two of the largest producers of petrochemicals in North America are located in central and north central.

Secondary industries: Seconday industries involve the processing of primary industry products into fishing goods, such as manufacturing, construction , utilities. Secondary industries are usually located in urban places.

Tertiary industries: Tertiary industries provide a wide range of services that support primary and secondary industries and society in general. The majority of tertiary industries in Canada are located in towns and cities. Whole sales and retail trade, transportation and warehousing, education and health services are all examples of tertiary industries.

Liveable Communities!

Types of cities

There are different types of cities you will find in Canada:

Manufacturing cities: Urban places where goods are mass-produced in factor. For example Sarnia Ontario.

    Transportation hubs: Urban places that become established and grow because they provide important transportation functions. For example, Thunder Bay which is located in the Canadian Shield, is an excellent site for trade


    Tourist Cities: Urban places that develop as a result of a physical or human feature that people are attracted to see or experience. A good example is Banff located on the bow river in the Rocky mountains of Alberta.

    Government centers: They provide services to people at a local, regional, or national level. They cover an enormous number if activities. Fredericton is an example of Government centers.

Recourse-based communities: Communities that owe their existence to the presence of a rich natural resource. Villages, towns, or cities that are established to develop a resource. For example, Flin Flon in Manitoba

Landuse Zones:

There are 6 different types of landuse in Canada.

Residential land use: It includes all the places where people live- everything from single land use in the most cities, often taking up 40% or more of the developed land.

Transportation land use: Large amount of land that is needed for transportation of goods and people. They include: vehicles, travel paths, and terminal facilities.

Commercial land use: land that is used for commercial activities, such as: the buying and selling, financial establishment

Industrial: industrial land use is an important feature of most communities. Factories, (processing and manufacturing), ware housing and shipping products.

Institutional: schools, places of worships, labours, museums, hospitals.

Open: land is used in other ways in towns and cities.