By: Demetrius Johnson May 13, 2016 A2
A condition in which there aren't enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen throughout the body.
Causes of Sickle-cell Anemia
- Caused by mutation in the gene that tells the body to make hemoglobin.
- Abnormal hemoglobin causes red blood cells to become rigid and misshapen.
- A child acquires it through inheriting the disease from a parent who has the genes from the disease.
The disease can be prevented by asking the doctor to do blood tests for sickle cell anemia gene and couples meeting with a genetics counselor to reduce the risk of children inheriting the disease if they are at risk for it.
- Lack of good supply of red blood cells.
- Periodic episodes of pain.
- Babies have swollen hands and feet.
- Slowed growth in children.
- Vision problems.
- Children might have frequent infections.
Sickle cell anemia can lead to a stroke.
People can suffer from high blood pressure.
Can cause acute chest syndrome which is life-threatening.
The disease can lead to oxygen deficiency which could be fatal.
Sickle Cell Diagnosis
The disease can be diagnosed during pregnancy by using a sample of amniotic fluid in the mother's womb and the newborn is screened after birth for the disease with a blood test for hemoglobin S, which is the sickle cell anemia gene.
- Only cure is a bone marrow transplant which is a serious procedure and could possibly cause death.
- Children with sickle cell anemia can take antibiotics to prevent infections.
- To relieve pain, use pain-relieving medications.
- Take Hydroxyurea to reduce blood transfusions needed with sickle cell anemia