States of Matter

Solids, Liquids, Gases, Plasma, Bose Einstein-Codensate


Solids are made up of tightly packed atoms that are moving all the time.
Can stand alone, looks still but atoms are always moving, and when melted turn into liquid.
Examples: Iron, Plastic, Rubber, Ceramic.
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Composed of molecules that move freely among themselves but do not tend to separate like those of gases; neither gaseous nor solid.
Take on the shape of their container, changes to gas at boiling point, turns to solid at freezing point.
Examples: Coca - Cola, Water, Juice

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An airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any space available, irrespective of its quantity. Gas particles move at 1,000 miles an hour, some gases can be smelt, and gases are invisible.
Examples: Helium, Propane, Carbon Dioxide.
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A plasma can be created by heating a gas or subjecting it to a strong electromagnetic field applied with a laser or microwave generator. This decreases or increases the number of electrons, creating positive or negative charged particles called ions,and is accompanied by the dissociation of molecular bonds, if present. Most abundant from of ordinary matter in the universe, rarefied in intergalactic regions, and common forms of plasma are neon signs.
Examples: Lightning, Stars, Comet tail.
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Bose-Einstein Codensate

A state of matter that forms below a critical temperature in which all bosons in the matter fall into the same quantum state. Also called superatom. Does not exist naturally, only happens at cold temperatures of absolute zero (0 K or -273.15 degrees Celsius), and The atoms in a Bose – Einstein condensate display unique and weird characteristics.\
Examples: cold liquid helium, nucleons in a neutron star.
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