Nickel (Ni)

By Makayla Horst

Physical Properties

Nickel has an atomic mass of 58.6934. It appears silvery-white with a varying golden hint. As a metal, Nickel can conduct heat or energy easily. It has a melting point of 1455 ºC and a boiling point of 2913 ºC. And at room temperature (22ºC), Nickel is a solid. The element's atomic radius stands at 149 pm. Nickel's density is 8.908 g/cc. Nickel conducts heat easily, considering its a metal. It is very malleable and ductile, as it forms like wire easily. Along with it's malleability, Nickel is very hard and can not be shattered or broken with ease.

Chemical Properties

Nickel is not reactive towards oxygen under normal conditions. Pure Nickel is not flammable however, some nickel alloys may be. The element is non-corrosive and does not form rust.
Nickel ***

Interesting Facts

Nickel is an important part to many alloys because of its resistance to corrosion even at very high temperatures.

The nickel (the coin), has approximately 25% of its namesake, Nickel, and 75% copper.

The name nickel comes from the German words, 'Kupfer', meaning copper, and 'Nickel', meaning devil. The Germans referred to it as Nickel because they thought that the devil was changing the copper into less valuable Nickel.

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Atomic Data

Atomic Number : 28

Mass Number : 28

Protons : 28

Neutrons : 31

Electrons : 28

History & Discovery

Nickel was first discovered in an alloy in 1751, then later produced as pure Nickel 4 years later in 1755. Axel Fredrik Constedt discovered Nickel while working at Stockholm. It was found in a mine in Los Halsingland, Sweden. It was mined for what was thought to be copper, but instead Nickel was found.
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Applications & Uses

Nickel is mainly used in the manufacturing of alloys. It goes into the production of many different products to create a non-corrosive metal. Nickel is used in alloys such as stainless steel. Nickel is composed of five stable isotopes with 58Ni being the most abundant.