Grammar

By: Price and Erin

Prepositional Phrases

  • A prepositional phrase will function as an adjective or adverb.
  • It modifies phrase consisting of a preposition and its object.
  • Ex: The book on the bathroom floor is swollen from shower steam.
  • Ex: The note from Erin confessed that she had eaten the leftover pizza.

Participial Phrases

  • A participial is a word that ends in ed, ing, and en.
  • Participle phrases always function as adjectives, adding description to the sentence.
  • Ex: The water drained slowly in the pipe clogged with dog hair.
  • Ex: After a long day at school and work, Erin found her roommate Ben eating the last piece of the leftover pizza.

Appositive Phrases

  • An appositive phrase consists of the appositive and its modifiers which may themselves be phrase.
  • The appositive always appears after the word it explains or identifies.
  • Ex: My LA teacher, Miss Boyd, has taught for seven years.
  • Ex: My notebook is missing, the one I need for math.

Simple Sentences

  • A simple sentence is a sentence having only one clause.
  • Has a single subject and predicate. Only h
  • Ex: My dog peed on my floor.
  • Ex: The colors were dull.

Compound sentences

  • A sentence containing two or more coordinate independent clauses, usually joined by one or more conjunctions, but no dependent clause, as The lightning flashed.
  • Ex: Price likes candy but, he doesn't want diabetes.
  • Ex: Erin likes macaroni and cheese so, her mom made her some for dinner.

Complex sentences

  • A sentence containing one or more dependent clauses in addition to the main clause
  • Ex: I go to school so, I can learn.
  • Ex: After I came home, I made dinner.