Greek Cultural Contributions

Owen Manz

Architecture

Greek architecture is known for it's columns. There are three types of columns: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. Other types of Greek art include pottery, sculptures, and paintings. Every city-state had a temple that was dedicated to a specific god. They went there to worship and make sacrifices. Some leaders like Pericles and Alexander the Great spread the Greek architecture throughout Europe.


We see Greek influence in architecture today in important buildings. The White House, Capital building, Supreme Court, and The Lincoln Memorial all have columns that show Greek influence.

Government

Greek government is one of the oldest examples of democracy in the history of the world. The democracy that the Greeks had was a direct democracy and allowed slaves. The leaders could be anybody that was white and owned lots of land and slaves. They changed leaders every year and everybody except women and children(aside from slaves) participated. They were also into battle and fought in many wars. Some of them include The Peloponnesian War and the First Persian War.


Some things that are the same today are that the US has a democracy, citizens can vote at eighteen, and that the leaders have limited terms.

Sports

Sports were very popular in Ancient Greek life. The women and slaves were expected to do the modern man's work back then on top of their work themselves. The men participated in the sports and the women were forbidden to watch. The only time women could watch was if they were unmarried and they were watching the Olympics, which didn't happen often. The Greek sports include: running + long jump, shot put, wrestling, boxing, and the Pankration, which is a combination of sports.


Some examples of Ancient Greek sports are the Olympics, which happen every four years, track, and the fact that the good athletes were basically heroes.

Mythology

Mythology originated when the Greeks tried to use stories to explain what the could not figured out. The inventor or writer of the actual mythology they followed in ancient Greece was a guy named Apollodorus of Athens. He believed that when people died, they went to the Underworld and were judged by what the did in their lives. The gods included Zeus, Poseidon, Ares, and many more. Some heroes of the Greeks were Hercules and Odysseus.


Some ways that it is reflected today are the movie Hercules, The Percy Jackson series, and that we learn about it still today.

Philosophy

Philosophers were not really the government's favorite people. They studied things about life and tried to explain them. Some examples of Philosophers are Plato, Aristotle, Thales, Solon, Gorgias, Plutarch, Archimedes, Pythagoras, and many more. They weren't afraid to express their thoughts and feelings, which lead to them often being executed or beheaded. Many of them wrote books as well.Some examples are Odyssey, Iliad, and Medea.


Some examples of their influence today are in the math symbol pi(3.14) and the Pythagorean theorem, as well as the hippocratic oath in the medical field.