Abigail Adams

Her life story

Her personal information

-Born on November 11, 1744 in Weymouth,Province of Massachusetts bay

-Married John Adams October 25, 1764

-Had 6 children

-Had her first son John Quincy Adams and he became the sixth president on March 4,1825

-Abigail Adams died on October 28, 1818 at age 73

What she did to help womens rights

Abigail Adams was one of the first advocates of women’s equal education and women’s property rights. Adams had strong feelings about marriage and believed women should take more part in decisions rather than simply serve their husbands. Adams believed that women should educate themselves and use their intellect to manage the household affairs, as well as be a moral guide for the family.In a letter to her husband John, March 1776, while he was in Philadelphia, Adams wrote, “Remember the Ladies, and be more generous and favorable to them than your ancestors. Do not put such unlimited power into the hands of the Husbands. Remember all Men would be cruel if they could. If particular care and attention is not paid to the Ladies we are determined to foment a Rebellion and will not hold ourselves bound by any Laws in which we have no voice or Representation.”

Declaring War on France

In 1798, during John Adams's term in the presidency, Abigail was concerned about the influence of the French revolution and troubled by rumors of a upcoming French invasion of America. She urged her husband to declare war on France. Upset by criticism of her husband and herself in the Republican press for having appointed relatives to important posts, she wrote that "the Liberty of the press is become licentious beyond any former period." Although the president and the Congress hesitated to go to war, Congress passed the repressive Alien and Sedition Acts. The Sedition Act allowed those who criticized the policies of John Adams to be tried for sedition and possibly treason. Disturbingly, Abigail approved. Adams's opponents thought that Abigail's partisanship was too overt and her influence on the president too great. Hence their references to "Her Majesty."

Her Care for Education for Black Children

On February 13, 1791, she wrote to her husband regarding a black servant boy who had come to her asking to go to school to learn to write. Abigail enrolled the boy in a local evening school. A neighbor reported serious objections of several people to the black boy's presence.  Quickly, Abigail responded that the boy was "a Freeman as much as any of the young Men and merely because his Face is Black, is he to be denied instruction? How is he to be qualified to procure a livelihood? . . . I have not thought it any disgrace to my self to take him into my parlor and teach him both to read and write." No further complaints were made.

Abigail Adams Family

Frequently Asked Questions

Q-What is the difference between John Adams and John Quincy Adams?

A-The answer to that is that John Adams was her husband and John Quincy Adams was her second son

Q-What did she do while her husband was gone on business?

A-She wrote many letters to him and friends and taught children while men were out at war.

Q-Who else did she write letters to?

A-William and Elizibeth Quincy Adams, Martha Washington, John Adams, John Quincy Adams, and her siblings

Biography of Abigail Adams

Former first lady, Abigail Smith was born on November 11, 1744, in Weymouth, Massachusetts. Abigail Adams is best known as the wife of President John Adams and for her extensive letters. She was also the mother of John Quincy Adams who became the sixth president of the United States. The daughter of a minister, she was a devoted reader, studying the works of William Shakespeare and John Milton among others. Adams did not, however, attend school, which was common for girls at the time.

In 1761, she met a lawyer named John Adams. Three years later, the couple married and soon welcomed their first child, a daughter named Abigail, in 1765. Their family continued to grow with the addition of John Quincy in 1767, Susanna in 1768, Charles in 1770, and Thomas Boylston in 1772. Sadly, Susanna died as a toddler and later the family suffered another tragedy when Abigail delivered a stillborn daughter in 1777.

Photos

Dedication

I would like to dedicate this historical fact flyer to Mrs. Roberts because of her amazing history knowledge and teaching skills and helping with understanding in history. I would also like to dedicate this to Abigail Adams for helping with womens rights and our education today.