The Coral Reef

A Biome By: Bailee Rettig & Rylie Patrick

Animals in a Coral Reef

The animals are aquatic animals. Many of them are fish, and invertebrates. Many of the animals use the coral in a coral reef as camouflage to lure in prey to eat. This includes the Tasseled Anglerfish. Also they use the coral as food. This includes the Blue Parrotfish. It scrapes off algae from the coral to eat. Some use the coral as protection. This includes the Clown Fish. It uses sea anemone to protect itself by hiding in the stinging plant, that it is immune to.



List of Animals in the Coral Reef

  1. Angle Shark
  2. Bivalves
  3. Blowfish
  4. Blue Ring Octopus
  5. Brittle Star Fish
  6. Clam
  7. Conch
  8. Sea Urchin
  9. Blue-Headed Wrasse
  10. Fire Fish

The Different types of Coral

There are 2 major categories of coral; Hard Coral and Soft Coral. They are called Soft Coral because they do not have hard, rigid, permanent skeletons. The Hard Coral is made up of hydrocorals and stony corals. Both hydrocorals and stony corals have hard skeletons. Some examples of Soft Corals are: Dead Man's Finger, Sea Fan, and Sea Pen. Some examples of Hard Coral are: Candy Cane, Bird Nest Coral, and Galaxea Coral.


Hard Coral

Soft Coral

List of Plants in Coral Reefs (that aren't coral)

  1. Mangroves
  2. Sea Grasses
  3. Chlorphyta (green algae)
  4. Rhodaphyta (red algae)
  5. Phaephyta (brown algae)
  6. Seaweeds
  7. Kelp


Temperatures of Coral Reefs

Most Coral Reefs temperature range between 16 and 30 degrees Celsius (61 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit). Though some in the North Atlantic termed cold water coral. The usual temperature for the coral there is usually within 30 degrees latitude of the equator.


Precipitation In The Coral Reef

There is no precipitation in the Coral Reef because it is water and you can't feel the rain. But the Coral Reef is critical to the Earth's water cycle because most evaporation occurs over those waters.


List of the Biotic Factors of the Biome

  • Coral
  • Algae
  • Seagrass
  • Sea Plums
  • Fish
  • Sharks
  • Octopi
  • Shrimp
  • Seaweed
  • Crab

List of Abiotic Factors of the biome

  • Oxygen
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Water
  • Temperature
  • Sand
  • Rocks
  • Sunlight
  • Depth of the Water
  • Salt
  • Water Motion

Background Terrain

You would see water with sand and rocks, with coral on top of the rocks and sand.

Our Biome Shadow Box

The Side view of the shadow box

The Ariel View of the shadowbox

We have the lid off so there aren't any fish except for in the anemone.


Finding Nemo "Coral Scene"

Looking at examples of Coral Reefs in movies