Boom to Bust Project by Jessie Dohman and KC Baine
The Culture of Prohibition
The Prohibition Era was from 1920-1933. During this time the focus was to get rid of alcohol. To make this happen many laws were created. Some of these laws created were the 18th amendment and the Volstead Act. Although these laws were created many people still drank at secret bars called speakeasies. Many people created their own liquor, which usually was higher in alcoholic content. This also created many more criminals or new kind of criminals called bootleggers.http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/478408/prohibition
The 18th amendment
The Volstead Act
The Volstead Act was created to enforce the 18th amendment, which prohibited the sale and manufacturing of alcohol. The act took effect in 1920. The act is also called the National Prohibition Act. It was named after Andrew Volstead (the representative from Minnesota), who had come up with the bill. The bill was vetoed by President Woodrow Wilson, but was passed after Congress voted to override the bill.
The 21st amendment was created to repeal the 18th amendment. The amendment was submitted to Congress on December 6, 1932 by Senator John Blaine and was ratified on December 5, 1933. The amendment has 3 sections. The 1st section repealed the 18th amendment, the 2nd section said that the states had the right to determine the alcohol laws for their own state, and the third stated how to repeal the amendment and the about the ratification.
Wet and Dry Counties
Speakeasies were underground clubs that people went to illegally drink alcohol. They are like clubs today. You needed a password to get into these clubs. The bartenders and gang members created secret names to protect their identity. Some of these secret names were: coffin varnish, white mule, monkey yum, panther sweat, rot gut, and tarantula juice. They also used disguises to get liquor in and out of the clubs.http://goo.gl/Fha6h
Al Capone was a famous bootlegger.He was very smart and always had an alibi for the murders and massacres he was accused of. He was born on January 17, 1899 in Brooklyn, New York. He had a son with Mary Mae Coughlin on December 4, 1918. He then married Coughlin on December 31, 1918. His first arrest was a disorderly conduct charge. From 1925-1930 he controlled many speakeasies, bookie joints, gambling house, etc. He was later forced out of Chicago by politicians. He then later on opened a soup kitchen. But he was caught for tax fraud or tax evasion. In May 1932 he was sent to prison in Atlanta. He was sent to Alcatraz where he became very sick. On January 21, 1947 he had a stroke. On January 24 of the same year he got pneumonia, and died the next day on January 25, 1947 he died from cardiac arrest.
He was found not guilty on 18 out of the 23 accounts.
He spent 10 years in federal prison.
1 year in county jail.
6 month court contempt.
He had to pay $50,000 in fines.
- His total prosecution costs were $7,692.29.