Bone Cancer

By: Hannah McManus

What is Bone Cancer?

Bone Cancer is a cancer that originates in the bone.

"Bone cancer can be primary bone cancer or secondary bone cancer. Primary bone cancer starts in the bone; the cancer initially forms in the cells of the bone, while secondary cancer starts elsewhere in the body and spreads to the bone."


(Source: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/171372.php)

Types of Bone Cancer

Signs and Symptoms of bone cancer

- Swelling in affected area/areas

- Weakened bones

-Unintentional weight loss in patients

-Mass or Lump in affected area/areas


( Source: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bone-cancer/symptoms-causes/dxc-20126419)

Bone cancer prevention

There is no life style changes or things you can do to prevent bone cancer known at this time.


(Source : https://www.mdanderson.org/patient-and-cancer-information/cancer-information/cancer-types/bone-cancer/prevention/index.html)

Causes of bone cancer

Doctors are still unsure today if there is an outside cause of Bone Cancer. Most have concluded its caused by a DNA replication error where the cells begin to rapidly grow.


(Source: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bone-cancer/symptoms-causes/dxc-20126419)

Treatment for bone cancer

Treatment types all depend on how severe the cancer is and what type it is

-Surgery

- Surgery to remove the cancer but save the limb

- Surgery that removes the cancer but does not affect the limbs

- Surgery to remove the limb

- Chemotherapy

-Radiation

( Source: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bone-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/treatment/txc-20126509)

How common is bone cancer?

Primary bone cancer is very rare. There are about 2,300 people diagnosed with it each year in the United States. It accounts for as little as 1% of cancers.


Osteosarcoma occurs mostly in people between the ages of 10-19. This shows that bone cancer commonly occurs in people at a young age, from early pre-teens to the late teens and young adults.


But in patients older that 40 it is also found they develop Paget disease, which is the abnormal formation of bone cells, which makes them more likely to develop bone cancer. The bone cancer that is most common in people that are 40 years of age and older is Chondrosarcoma


(Sources: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/type/bone-cancer/about/risks-and-causes-of-bone-cancer

http://www.cancer.gov/types/bone/bone-fact-sheet)

How bone cancer is diagnosed

- Needle Biopsy

- Bone Scan

- Computerized tomography (CT)

- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

- Positron emission tomography (PET)

- X-ray

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