Erie canal

By: Marcus Enriquez

The erie canal affected America by giving the settlers new opputunities and giving the country new avenues for trade.

When the Erie Canal opened in 1825 it gave farmers in the west many different advantages.

The canal literally cut the transport of industrial and agriculture goods by one-third. not only did it cut the transport time but it cut shipping costs by more than 50 percent. Re-stocking for the north was also a lot more easy, because the civil was going on, the union couldn't rely on the south to supply them with the usual crops grown in the south.

Settlers

Settlers were very interested in the canal as well.Because the Erie allowed upstream and downstream tavel, it became a quicker way for settlers in the union to get to the west and vice-versa. Wagon routes took three days to tavel by to get to the west. Settlers could take packet boats for 4 cents a mile and for the less wealthy they could take line boats for 2 cents a mile.
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Civil War

The canal linked the union and the west together when it was finished in 1825, letting more abolitionists in to spread the word and get the west on there side for ending slavery. Linking the west and the Union also meant more food and supplies for the fighting army.

Safe way to transport goods

The canal was only 4 feet deep and and 40 feet wide. Allowing for boats carrying up to 30 tons of freight to travel along the river. This turned NYC into the country's center of commerce, industry and finance. For many years the canal helped transport much of the mid-west's agriculture and industrial products.
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Growth of"Clinton's Ditch"

The canal was made larger to accommodate larger boats. This sparked the growth of canal systems through out the united states. Many states with large rivers made there own canals, not near as big as Erie of course. In 1869 the rail road was finished and immediately took the spot light off the rivers and boats and put it on the transport of goods by train.
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Tourism

The Erie canal Kicked off lots of tourism when it was completed. people would build floating houses on the river so the could float along the entire canal. Doing this though still costed them the 2-4 cents per a mile depending on how big the house was. When the canal was finished in 1825 foreigners came back to watch the first boats float down the 363 miles of water. To this day the canal gives ferry rides to tourists.
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