Haruka Kawai

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Intense training schedule for many Athletes, especially for young athletes in high competitive sports, can bring negative outcomes. Injuries among athletes in early age mainly fall into two different categories: overuse injuries and acute injuries.

Both overuse and acute injuries have effects to the soft issue, which are muscles and ligaments, and bones.

Types of Sports Injuries

Acute Injuries

  • Caused by a sudden trauma

Overuse Injuries

  • occur gradually over time, when an athletic activity is repeated so often, parts of the body do not have enough time to heal between playing


Type of Injury

  • Acute Injury

What Is A Sprain?

  • a partial or complete tear of a ligament, the fibrous tissue that connects bones and joints.

  • In a sprain, one or more ligaments is stretched or torn
What Causes a Sprain?

  • a twisting force to the lower leg or foot is a common cause of sprains for many athletes

Symptoms of Sprains

  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Pain near joints

Sprain Treatment

  1. Rest
  2. Ice (for first 48 to 72 hours or until swelling goes down)
  3. Compression (help decrease swelling)
  4. Elevation ( raise your ankle above your heart to reduce swelling and bruising)

How to Prevent Painful Sprains

  1. Eat a well-balanced diet to keep muscles strong, such as milk and diary products
2. Maintain a healthy weight and exercise everyday to minimize the risk of sprains
3. Warm up and stretch before playing a sport
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4. Avoid exercising or playing sports when tired or in pain
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5. wear footwear that supports, protects, and fits your feet and ankles
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Thank you :)