Comparison of World Religions

Rebekah Darrah

Christianity

  • When Jesus Christ, the Son of God, died on Calvary's cross to save humanity from the punishment of sin, He told His followers to continue and spread his teachings.
  • Jesus Christ is the founder of Christianity.
  • Christianity is monotheistic: God.
  • There is only one God, who watches over and cares for his people. Jesus Christ is the Son of God and he died to save humanity from sin. His death and resurrection make eternal life possible for others.
  • Christianity began in Judea (present-day Israel).
  • Christianity began about 2000 years ago.
  • The Parable of the Sower, The Holy Bible; Luke 10:4-8: "And when a great crowd was gathering and people from town after town came to him, he said in a parable, 'A sower went out to sow his seed and as he sowed, some fell along the path and was trampled underfoot, and the birds of the air devoured it. And some fell on the rock, and as it grew up, it withered away, because it had no moisture. And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up with it and choked it. And some fell into good soil and grew and yielded a hundredfold.' As he said these things, he called out, 'He who has ears to hear, let him hear.'" This parable was told by Jesus Christ to the people. This is a symbol of the different types of Christians: some do not have strong roots of faith and will wither away, others are devoured by the birds, but the ones that flourish, have good soil, strong roots, and produce more fruit.
  • As of 2001 there were 2 billion followers of Christianity worldwide.
  • There is a large ministry force behind Christianity as well as churches worldwide.
  • The Holy Book is the Bible.
  • Within the church there are priests, ministers, monks, and nuns.
  • In the Catholic Church there is the Pope who is over all the Catholic Churches, in each church is priests, friars, monks, and nuns.
  • In the Protestant Church there is a minister who leads the congregation and deacons who help serve.

Hinduism

  • Hinduism was the ancients religion of people in the Indus Valley of India and the teaching were passed down by word of mouth until they were written down.
  • Hinduism was founded by no one person.
  • Polytheistic with three main gods: Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva.
  • The soul never dies, but is continually reborn. A person achieves happiness and enlightenment after they free themselves from their earthly desires. Freedom from earthly desires comes from a life-time worship, knowledge, and virtuous acts.
  • Hinduism started in the Indus Valley of India.
  • Hinduism began about 4000 years ago.
  • Indra; Rig Veda; Hymn VII: "Indra the singers with high praise, Indra reciters with their lauds, Indra the choirs have glorified. Indra hath ever close to him his two bay steeds and word-yoked car, Indra the golden, thunder-armed. Indra hath raised the Sun on high in heaven, that he may see afar: He burst the mountain for the kine.
    Help us, O Indra, in the frays, yea, frays, where thousand spoils are gained, With awful aids, O awful One. In mighty battle we invoke Indra, Indra in lesser fight,
    The Friend who bends his bolt at fiends. Unclose, our manly Hero, thou for ever bounteous, yonder cloud,For us, thou irresistible. Still higher, at each strain of mine, thunder-armed Indra's praises rise: I find no laud worthy of him. Even as the bull drives on the herds, he drives the people with his might, The Ruler irresistible: Indra who rules with single sway men, riches, and the fivefold race Of those who dwell upon the earth. For your sake from each side we call Indra away from other men: Ours, and none others’, may he be." This story is about Indra, the king of the Indian gods. He is a warrior who protects the people of the land.
  • As of 2001 there were 820 million followers of Hinduism, mainly in India and parts of Asia.
  • Hinduism was spread through trade.
  • Hinduism's oldest Holy Book is the Vedas, but there is also the Upanishads, the Mahabharata, and the Ramayana.
  • Leadership consists of the Guru, holy man, and Brahmin priest.
  • In a Hindu temple, priests have a duty to do daily rituals.
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Three Major Religions

Confucianism

  • A Chinese philosopher named Confucius believed society could be perfect if people just knew how to behave. He spent his life teaching his principles.
  • Confucius was the founder of Confucianism.
  • Confucius is viewed by his followers as a god.
  • They believe that social order, harmony, and good government should be based on strong family relationships. Respect for parents and elders is important to a well-ordered society. Education is important both to the welfare of the individual and to society.
  • It started in eastern China.
  • Confucianism started between 551 B.C. and 479 B.C.
  • The Analects, Chapter 1 Verse 6: "The Master said, 'A young man should be a good son at home and an obedient young man abroad, sparing of speech but trustworthy in what he says, and should love the multitude at large but cultivate the friendship of his fellow men.'" This story teaching how a man should be respectful to his parents and obedient to his fellow workers. He should be friendly, love people, and speak with respect to others.
  • As of 2001, there were 6.3 millions followers of Confucianism, mainly in Southeast Asia.
  • In his life, Confucius traveled Southeast Asia spreading his beliefs and influencing people. Schools were opened for Confucian followers.
  • The holy books of Confucianism is the Analects and the Five Classics.
  • Confucian temples are called Kong Miao, but their are no clergy.
  • The temples of Confucianism are places of learning, so the scholar-leaders are, in a way temporary priest.