The Struggle for a National Identity
Their Timeline of Struggle
1689-1763: A brutal time of war. British and French fought four wars in North America in this period of time. Finally British troops won and automatically assumed control over the region.These wars included The French & Indian War, and The Battle of Quebec.
1763: French surrendered all of their Empire and territory to Great Britain. Brits also allow French settlers to remain and keep all of their culture, as long as they recognize that they have total control over the region.
1867: Brits create Dominion of Canada. Britain is still in control but...Canada has its own Gov't and its own foreign policy.
1931: Canada becomes independent and British controls ended.
1974: French was made official language of Quebec and many English-speaking residents and businesses left.
1995: A referendum on whether Quebec should secede from Canada was narrowly defeated.