Science Brochure


A thermometer is a device that measures temperature or temperature gradient using a variety of different principles.

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit invented the thermometer. The thermometer measures the temperature.


A barometer is a scientific instrument used in meteorology to measure atmospheric pressure. Pressure tendency can forecast short term changes in the weather

Evangelista Torricelli invented the Barometer


An instrument that uses the difference in readings between two thermometers, one having a wet bulb and the other having a dry bulb, to measure the moisture content or relative humidity of air.

Sir John Leslie invented the Sling Psychrometer

Rain Gage

A rain gauge (also known as an udometer, pluviometer, or an ombrometer) is a type of instrument used by meteorologists and hydrologists to gather and measure the amount of liquid precipitation over a set period of time.

invented by Christopher Wren

Wind Vane

is an instrument for showing the direction of the wind. They are typically used as an architectural ornament to the highest point of a building.

invented by Shem Drowne


An anemometer is a device used for measuring wind speed, and is a common weather station instrument

invented by Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci

Weather Map

a map showing the state of the weather over a large area.

invented by Sir Francis Galton,


A hydrometer is an instrument used to measure the specific gravity of liquids; that is, the ratio of the density of the liquid to the density of water.

Antoine Baumé invented the hydrometer

Weather Satelite

The weather satellite is a type of satellite that is primarily used to monitor the weather and climate of the Earth.