PBS 2.3.1

By: Cameron and Brynn

General Background on Type 1 diabetes


Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and used to be called juvenile diabetes. Only 5% of people with diabetes have type 1. In type 1 the body does not produce insulin. The body breaks down the sugars and starches you eat into a simple sugar called glucose, which it uses for energy. Insulin is a hormone that the body needs to get glucose from the bloodstream into the cells of the body. With the help of insulin therapy, even young children can learn to manage their condition and live long healthy lives.

The role of blood sugar monitoring and adjustment

People with type 1 diabetes are constantly monitoring their blood sugar to determine when they need a shot and just to keep their blood sugar in a safe zone. If there blood sugar drops to low it can cause serious damage to their body

Dietician

Dietitians provide medical nutrition therapy for patients in institutions such as hospitals and nursing care facilities. They assess patients nutritional needs, develop nutrition programs, and base their diet on what the patient's body needs.

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Certified Diabetic Educator (CDE)

A certified diabetic educator will help you develop a plan to make you stay healthy and provide support. They usually focus on 7 different behaviors. Those are Healthy eating, being active, monitoring, taking medication, problem solving, healthy coping, and reducing risks. They are useful for telling you what is going on in your body.


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Primary Care Physician

This is the type of person you would see for general checkups or whenever you may get ill. A primary care physician plays a role in having any type of diabetes. They may refer you to a different team member, or even a specialist. It is important to ask questions if you have them before you leave their office. They also may do tests.

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Recommendations for exercise and lifestyle and a discussion of how staying fit relates to keeping diabetes in control.

While exercising, it can help avoid heart problems. It makes it easier to monitor your glucose level. Exercising also increases insulin sensitivity. This means that your your body does not need as much insulin to process carbohydrates. It is a good idea to set goals for how to stay fit. Some suggestions are running, swimming, biking, and walking. A good goal is to get at least 30 minutes of exercise each day. Exercising keeps your heart healthy and strong.


Basic recommendations for a diabetic diet- built on the information you listed in Activity 2.2.2 and refer back to your nutrient analysis for Anna Garcia.

Some recommendations for a diabetic include eating things such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, carbohydrates, and proteins. Some good examples of vegetables are tomatoes, onions, cucumbers, carrots and beets. Some good examples of whole grain include brown rice, bran cereal, and whole grain breads. Starches, sugars, and fiber are all types of carbohydrates. They can come in beans, fruit juices, pasta, and bread. Some proteins are fish and seafood, cheese and eggs.


Citations

Type 1 Diabetes. (2014, January 12). Retrieved December 2, 2015, from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-1/?referrer=https://www.google.com/


Dietician. (2015, November 23). Retrieved December 2, 2015, from http://explorehealthcareers.org/en/Career/139/Dietitian