Feudal Societys

B: Trey E. & Josh B.

Essental Question

Is a centralized government required for stability in a society?

What is Feudalism?

Feudalism was the most prominent social system in medieval Europe. The nobles held land in exchange for military service, and vassals were tenants of the nobles, while the peasants were required to live on their lord's land And give him labor, and a share of the produce, in exchange for military protection.
Medieval Europe: Feudalism

What is Manorialism?

It is a political, economic, and social system that the peasants of medieval Europe were tied to their land and their lord. The basic part was the manor. It was a fief under the control of a lord. Free tenants paid rent or provided military service for the use of the land. Peasants farmed small portions of land and owed rent and labor to their lord, and most could not leave the estate. The manorial system was thriving in Western Europe by the 8th century and had begun to decline by the 13th century.

Feudal Contract

The feudal contract is when a noble of warrior lineage (less commonly a non warrior landowner) binds himself to a more powerful lord or noble. It's a contract between the greater and lesser, but never equal. The vassal's main benefit was that he received the right to live on a land called a fief. He ruled and administered on the behalf of his vassor, and of which he got the better benefits like rents, taxes etc. The contracted also stated that the Lord or Noble would provide protecton over the vassal.

In return for the land grant and protection, the vassal provided military service, court service, (required to attend the suzerain's court and advise him)

The Development of Feudalism

It developed to fill power that was left after the fall of Rome. Vessels would work for the Lord or Noble who had money and power in exchange for land and protection.

Feudalism after the fall of Rome

After the fall of Rome, there was no organization system in place. As a result of this, feudalism arose and restored order to Western Europe. Feudalism put an organizational system in place, it fixed trade routes, and encouraged citizens to follow the rules. With their system in place, they had to keep the rules very strict so the people would cooperate with the rules that were in place.

Roles in Feudalism

In feudalism there were three main rankings of leadership under the Lord or Noble. The lowest were the Knights, their job was to support and defend their Lord. Next are the vassals, they manage the operation of the fief, they also pledge loyalty to their Lord. The fief's constituted the central institution of the Feudal Society.

Critical Thinking Question

How did not having a central government affect the Feudal Societes? Explain with detail.


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