Present continuous

Affirmative sentences

[ Subject + auxiliary verb ("to be") + gerund (-ing) ]


  • I'm hugging
  • You're hugging
  • He's hugging
  • You're hugging
  • We're hugging
  • They're hugging
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Negative sentences

[ Subject + auxiliary verb ("to be") + auxiliary negative ("not") + gerund (-ing) ]


  • I am not smiling
  • You aren't (are not) smiling
  • She isn't (are not) smiling
  • You aren't (are not) smiling
  • We aren't (are not) smiling
  • They aren't (are not) smiling
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Interrogative sentences

[ Auxiliary verb ("to be") + subject + gerund (-ing) + ? ]

  • Am I dancing ?
  • Are you dancing ?
  • Is it dancing ?
  • Are you dancing ?
  • Are we dancing ?
  • Are they dancing ?

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Uses

  1. The present continuous is used to talk about something that is happening at the moment in which speak. Time expressions such as "now", "right now" and "at the moment" indicate present continuous.
  • I'm study now
  • He's eating at the moment
  • Is it raining?
  1. We also use it to talk about something that is happening today but not necessarily when we speak. In this case, time expressions as "currently", "lately" or "these days" are used.
  • They're learning English
  • She's currently looking for a job
  • Are you working much lately?
  1. We use the present continuous to talk about something that is already decided to be made in the near future. Their use indicates that it is fairly certain that will happen as planned.
  • I'm going to the part tonight
  • He isn't coming to class tomorrow
  • Are you working next week?
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