Germany, Italy, and Japan
The Italian government was under a fascism government. Italy ad Benito Mussolini as leader of the country, called a fascist since 1922. Mussolini was with the Axis Nations and close to Hitler. Mussolini constructed a totalitarian state in Italy that would dominate every aspect of national life.
An even stronger alliance was signed between Germany and Italy on May 22, 1939 called the Pact of Steel. This treaty would later be called the Tripartite Pact when Japan signed it on September 27, 1940. Now the three main Axis Powers were allies in the war.