Basic First Aid For Adults

know how to take care of yourself

How to Respond to and Injured or Ill Adult

1. Ask the person if they are okay to check for responsiveness.

2. Call 911 if:

  • There is no response and the person is unconscious and make sure that their head is facing up and it is supported and the neck and back are in a straight line.
  • The person is still conscious. This is because they can still possibly have a life threatening injury. Be sure to ask what has happened and try to get as many details as possible.

3. Open the airway by lifting up the chin and tilting the head.

4. Check for breathing (occasional gasps is not breathing). If not breathing perform CPR or (if available) perform AED.

5. Scan for severe bleeding.

6. If breathing maintain an open airway.

Conscious Choking

1. Give five back blows by bending the person forward at the waist and giving them five blows in between the shoulder blades with the heel of your hand.

2. Give five abdominal thrusts by placing a fist with your thumb above the naval and covering your fist with your hand and perform five upward thrusting movements.

3. Continue to perform these maneuvers in reps of five until:

  • The object has come out.
  • The person can now forcefully cough and breathe.
  • The person become unconscious.
4. If the person becomes unconscious call 911.

Unconscious Choking

1. Retilt the head and give another rescuing breath.

2. Give thirty chest compression's.

3. Look for object and if seen remove it.

4. Give two rescue breaths.

5. If breaths do not make the chest rise repeat steps 2-4, if the chest clearly rises check for breathing.

CPR (No Breathing)

1. Give thirty chest compression's by pushing hard and fast on someone's chest at least two inches deep.

2. Give two rescue breaths by:

  • Lifting up the chin and tilting the head back.
  • Pinch the nose shut and make a complete seal over someone's mouth.
  • Blow in for about one second to make the chest clearly rise and give rescue breaths one after the other.
3. Continue these steps and do not stop until:

  • There are signs of life (breathing etc.)
  • An AED is available to be used.
  • An EMS worker can now take over.
  • You are exhausted.
  • If the environment becomes unsafe.


1. Turn on AED.

2. Wipe bare chest dry.

3. Attach pads.

4. Plug in connector (if necessary).

5. Stand clear by making sure you and no one else is touching the person.

6. Analyze the heart rhythm.

7. Deliver shock (if necessary) and make sure everyone is standing clear.

8. Perform CPR for two minutes (five reps) and continue to follow the prompts of AED.

Controlling External Bleeding

1. Cover the wound with sterile dressing.

2. Apply direct pressure until the bleeding stops.

3. Apply a bandage over the dressing.

4. If the bleeding does not stop call 911 and apply more bandages and pressure and take steps to minimize shock.

5. Wash hands after care.


1. Remove from source of burn.

2. Cool the burn with cool running water (at least until the pain is relieved.

3. Cover loosely with sterile dressing.

4. Call 911.

5. Care for shock.


1. Call 911 or a poison control hot-line (1-800-222-1222) if the person is conscious and unconscious. If person is conscious listen to the advice the poison control hot-line give you.

2. Provide care.

Head or Neck Injuries

1. Call 911 or any local emergency number.

2. Minimize movement,

3. Stabilize head in the position it was found in, if it is turned at a sharp angle absolutely DO NOT move it.


1. Think F-A-S-T.

  • F- Face: Ask the person to smile or move around their face to see if one half droops.
  • A- Arm: Ask the person to lift up both of their arms, check to see if one arm drifts downwards.
  • S- Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence to check if the speech is at all slurred.
  • T- Time: Call 911 if any of the signals to a stroke are present.
2. Provide care.

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