Science+ Technology

By Will Butler and John Niiler

Zoology, evolution, and astronomy

Muslims contributed these ideas to our everyday lives relating to science:

  • evolution- the process by which different kinds of animals and other living things develop

  • astronomy- the science of the stars, planets, and other objects in the universe.

  • zoology- study of animals

Astrolabes, waterwheels, toothbrushes, cranks

Muslims also contributed many things to our everyday lives relating to technology.

  • astrolabe- an instrument used to observe and measure the position of the sun and other heavenly bodies.

  • During the muslim times they had waterwheels. The waterwheels scooped water from the Orontes River into aqueducts, bringing it to homes and farms.

  • Toothbrush-According to Hassani, the Prophet Mohammed popularized the use of the first toothbrush in around 600. Using a twig from the Meswak tree, he cleaned his teeth and freshened his breath. Substances similar to Meswak are used in modern toothpaste.

  • Crank- Many of the basics of modern automatics were first put to use in the Muslim world, including the crank-connecting rod system. By converting rotary motion to linear motion, the crank enables the lifting of heavy objects with relative ease. The technology, discovered by Al-Jazari in the 12th century, exploded across the globe, leading to everything from the bicycle to the combustion engine.


So as you can see, the Muslims contributed many thing to science and technology. Their inspiration came from the Qua'rn. It stated " Have they not looked at the camel- how it was created? And at the sky- how it was raised up?" From their tools to ideas, they have impacted our society greatly. We owe them a big thank you.