The Industrial Revolution is a time when machines took the place of man. it occurred in Britain in the late 18th and 19th centuries, brought about by the introduction of machinery. The Industrial Revolution started in 1790. It was characterized by the use of steam power, the growth of factories, and the mass production of manufactured goods. Factories were a turning point because people has to leave home to earn a living. Hydraulic uses water to power machines. Ordinary people used their hands to make the things they needed, when they did not have machines.
Eli Whitney was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotten gin. This was one of the key inventions of the industrial revolution. Eli was born December 8th 1765, West borough Massachusetts. He died January 8th 1825, New Haven Connecticut. At age 14 Eli operated a profitable nail manufacturing operation in his fathers workshop during the Revolutionary War.His impact on the world was getting the cotton faster.
Elias Howe was an American inventor and sewing machine pioneer. Elias was born on July 9th 1819, Spencer Massachusetts. He died October 3rd 1867 Brooklyn, New York. He married Elizabeth Jennings Ames, daughter of Simon Ames and Jane B. Elias was raised on a farm and received only sporadic schooling. He worked at his fathers gristmill and sawmill and later became an apprentice at several machine shops. His impact on the world was making clothes faster and cheaper.
This is forms of child labor, as industrialization moved workers from farms and home workshops into urban areas and factory work, children were often preferred, because factory owners viewed them as manageable, cheaper, and less likely to strike. In 1900, states varied considerably in whether they had child labor standards and in their content and degree of enforcement. American children worked in large numbers in mines, glass factories, textiles, agriculture, canneries, home industries, and as new boys. The minimal of child labor in the United States is one of more remarkable changes in the social and economic life of the nation over the last two centuries. Children did not just only work for the family farm but were often hired out to other farmers. Boys customarily began their apprenticeship in a trade between ages ten and fourteen. Determined efforts to regulate or eliminate child labor have been a feature of social reform in the United States since 1900. The opponents of child labor then sought a constitutional amendment authorizing federal child labor legislation.
An assembly line is a manufacturing process in which parts are added as the semi finished assembly moves from work station to work station where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced. The assembly line is often described as a process that uses machines to move material form one place to another, but in practice, machines are not always needed. An assembly line can begin as many different lines each devoted to a different component of a product, with the lines converging upon one another, becoming fewer until only one line is left for the final product. The most important people of the time for the development of the assembly line were the Americans Oliver Evans and Eli Whitney and the Frenchman Gaspard Monge. Further, factories that replied on an assembly line seemed to have become inefficient. An assembly line helps by the machine going faster,and not having to use your hands.