Key Period 3

Conflict, Revolution, and Independent Nation

Pontiac's Rebellion (pg. 153)

This began in 1763 with Natives in the Great Lake region after their victory in the French and Indian War. The British won and created the Proclamation of 1763 to prevent further conflict. The colonists hated the Proclamation Line.

Proclamation Line (pg. 164,165,153)

The Proclamation Line of was issued on October 7, 1763 and was created to alleviate relations with natives after the French and Indian War and started that Americans were not permitted to passed the Appalachian Mountains. Many of the Americans were absolutely appalled at this law.

Stamp Act (pg. 152,157,171)

This was a tax on many everyday/household paper goods. It was imposed by the British on the colonies. The revenue went to pay for the troops station in the colonies. This also upset colonists because they didn't want the British there anyways.

Intolerable Act (pg. 168-169)

This act is often associated with the Coercive Act which were the laws enforced by the British Parliament against the colonies in response to the Boston Tea Party. Overall It shut down the harbor. Colonists were not happy at all.

Mercy Otis Warren

She was the head of patriot women during the revolution; produced many writings questioning the declining republican values in post-revolutionary America; blamed the "constant state of war", relaxation of government, sudden fluctuation in money, and new foreign intercourse for the chaos of the 1780s.

Abigail Adams (pg. 202,204)

As the wife of John Adams, Abigail Adams contradicted much of the government's policies. Specifically she argued over slavery, claiming that the enslavement of African Americans directly contradicted the new nation's professed ideologies of freedom and equality.

Pennsylvania Gradual Emancipation Law (pg. 264-265)

This was an act for the gradual abolition of slavery proposed by the Pennsylvania legislature. The Act prohibited further importation of slaves into the state, required Pennsylvania slaveholders to annually register their slaves, and established that all children born in Pennsylvania were free persons regardless of the condition or race of their parents.

French Revolution and Enlightenment (pg. 219-222)

The enlightenment was an era of intellect and scientific findings. And important philosopher from this era was John Locke who claimed that all humans have natural rights of life, liberty, and property. The French Revolution was influenced by Enlightenment ideas and French citizens razed and redesigned their country’s political landscape, uprooting centuries-old institutions such as an absolute monarchy and the feudal system.

Northwest Land Ordinance (pg. 201-202)

A land act that provided for orderly settlement and established a process by which settled territories would become the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin. The Confederation Congress also banned slavery north of the Ohio River and placed funds on land sales in order to support schools.

Jay's Treaty (pg. 219-222, 226)

Around 1793, Washington sent John Jay to Britain in order to attempt to protect merchant property through diplomacy. However, Jay returned with an alternative treaty in which America accepted Britain's right to stop neutral ships and in return, Britain had to remove their troops and Indian agents from the Northwest Territory.

Pinckney's Treaty (pg. 232)

This treaty marked the intentions of a cooperative relationship between Spain and the United States. It granted American ships the right to free navigation of the Mississippi River as well as duty-free transport through the port of New Orleans, then under Spanish control.

VA and KY Resolutions (pg. 225,324)

Resolutions of 1798 that claimed that the Alien and Sedition Acts - submitted to the federal government - were unconstitutional. These resolutions tested the idea that state legislatures could judge the constitutionality of federal laws and nullify them.