2013 North India floods.
The disaster that occurred in Uttarakhand.
Reasons for the disaster
From 14 to 17 June 2013, the Indian state of Uttarakhand and adjoining areas received heavy rainfall, which was about 375% more than the normal rainfall during a normal monsoon. This caused the melting of Chorabari Glacier at the height of 3800 metres, and eruption of the Mandakini River. This is one of the major factors that led to this disaster. Uttarakhand tragedy is caused by natural calamity, as well as by man made factors. The experts say that unplanned development and rampant destruction of forests is the some of the main reasons behind the nature’s fury. Then, the construction of hydro-electric power projects, roads, hotels have also compounded the problem and made the State prone to such disaster.
Historical significance of places in Uttarakhand where disaster was more severe:
The Kedarnath temple was one of the places where disaster was more severe. The Kedarnath temple is one of the holiest Hindu temples dedicated to the god Shiva and is located on the Garhwal Himalayan range near the Mandakini river in Kedarnath, Uttarakhand in India. The temple, located at an height of 3,583 m (11,755 ft), 223 km from Rishikesh, on the shores of Mandakini river, a tributary of Ganga, is an impressive stone edifice of unknown date. This temple is a very holy place in uttarakhand and the northern parts of India. The other place is the National highway 58 which is an important route for Hindu pilgrims as it connects the national capital New Delhi with religious pilgrim centres, Haridwar and Rishikesh in the plains of Uttarakhand, and then with the hill cities and temples of Uttarakhand.
Consequences of the disaster:
The roads were seriously damaged at more than 450 places, resulting in huge traffic jams, and the floods caused many cars and other vehicles to be washed away. Although the Kedarnath Temple itself was not damaged, its base was inundated with water, mud and boulders from the landslide, damaging its perimeter. Most of the destruction at Kedarnath was caused by a sudden rapid melting of ice and snow on the Kedarnath Mountain. The temple was flooded with water resulting in several deaths due to drowning and panic-driven stampede.The Uttarakhand Government announced that due to the extensive damage to the infrastructure, the temple will be temporarily closed to regular pilgrims and tourists for a year or two, but the temple rituals will still be maintained by priests. Also, National Highway 58, an important road connecting the region was also washed away near Jyotirmath and in many other places.
Full Uttarakhand Flood Video Compilation from Start to End Kedarnath Badrinath Flood Video
Steps taken by the government and Steps taken by the local community:
The Prime Minister of India undertook an aerial survey of the affected areas and announced 10 billion (US$170 million) aid package for disaster relief efforts in the state. Over 10,000 personnel of the armed forces, 18 helicopters and a transport plane of the Air Force have been deployed for relief and rescue operations in the state where thousands have been stranded at tourist spots and pilgrim centres. These steps taken helped to regenerate Uttarakhand from the disaster