Respiratory System

By: Anthony Martinez

The Function of Respiratory System

The primary function of the Respiratory System is to supply the blood in our body with oxygen and it does this through berthing, the Respiratory System also eliminates carbon dioxide cells.

The Features of Alveoli That Adapt Them to Gas Exchange

The Alveoli has features that helps them with gas exchange. They can increase their surface area, also the walls of the Capillaries and Alveoli are made of single layer cells, this causes the distance between them to be smaller and allows for faster gas exchange.

How Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen are Transported In The Blood.

The Lungs pick up oxygen by hemoglobin which is in red blood cells, hemoglobin then carries the oxygen to cells that need it and carbon dioxide is released, the cells then pick up the carbon dioxide and carried back to the lungs where it is exhaled.

The Ventilation System

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Disorders In The Respiratory System

Asthma

Description: Asthma is the narrowing of the bronchial airways causing difficulty berthing and softness of breath.


Symptoms: Symptoms of Asthma is coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightening and pain.


Prevalence: About 250,000,000 people worldwide suffer from Asthma.


Treatment: The treatment for Asthma is steroids and other anti-inflammatory drugs and inhalers.

Bronchitis

Description: Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes.


Symptoms: The symptoms of Bronchitis are coughing, production of mucus, fatigue, shortness of breath, fevers, chills, chest pain.


Prevalence: The Prevalence of Bronchitis effects mostly heavy smokers.


Treatment: The treatment for Bronchitis is usually to drink plenty of fluids and get lots of rest because most of the time Bronchitis is viral and cannot be cured through antibiotics; however if the Bronchitis is bacterial anti-biotics will be used to cure Bronchitis.