Burn Degrees of the human body

Description and safety measures

Skin Layers and Burn Classification

The skin serves many purposes;The most important is protection. Injury to the skin causes loss of fluid and is often caused by burns. First degree burns only includes the epidermis, or the outer layer of skin. Second degree burns harm the second layer of skin which is the dermis. Lastly, third degree burns are painless, because the pain receptors have been destroyed. The classification of a burn is based on depth and the affected area.

First Degree

A first degree burn is very painful and is equivalent to a sunburn without blisters; The skin is red and dry in appearance. The injured epithelium peels away from the healthy skin and it takes 3-5 to heal. Although, the healing time is short the burn is painful.

Second Degree

A second degree burn can be classified as partial or full thickness; Part of the dermis is affected. In partial thickness the entire epidermis and upper layers of the dermis are affected. Full thickness involves a red or white appearance of the skin and the destruction of the epidermis and part of the dermis. It may progress to a third degree burn over time.

Third degree

The entire dermis is affected in a third degree burn. The burn is painless and excision is required because the skin will not heal on its own. Burned areas will appear dry and black or white.
Burn injuries are painful and dangerous. A burn victim is prone to infection and loss of fluids. The injuries may be unable to heal on their own and excision may be necessary. To prevent burn injuries: Be careful when cooking, be safe if you smoke, be prepared for a fire, use common sense, and have smoke alarms that work.