Pediatric First Aid

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Check on an injured child or infant

1. Check for responsiveness by asking a quick question

2. Call 911

3. Open airway (tilt head and lift chin)

4. Check for breathing (occasional gasps are not breathing)

5. Give 5 rescue breaths (give 2)

6. Scan for bleeding

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Conscious choking child


1. Give 5 back blows (between shoulder blades with heel of hand)

2. 5 abdominal thrusts (hands together in a fist above navel and thrust)

3. Continue these sets until object is forced out or they can cough or breathe


1. 5 back blows (same as before)

2. 5 chest thrusts (two or three fingers in center of chest below nipple and compress breastbone 1.5 inches)

3. Continue sets until object is forced out, infant can breathe

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Unconscious choking, CPR


1. Give 2 rescue breaths (pinch nose and completely cover mouth and give until chest rises for about 1 second)

2. 30 chest compressions

3. Do not stop repeating this cycle until there are signs of life, an AED is ready, or a trained responder is there. You can stop if you are tired or unsafe.

(In cases of unconscious choking, you can look inside mouth and throat for object and attempt to remove it)

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AED for child/infant

1. Turn on AED

2. Wipe bare chest dry

3. Attach pads (if they are touching each other, use front to back pad placement.

4. Plug in connector

5. Stand clear

6. Analyze heart rhythm by pressing "analyze" button

7. Deliver shock (make sure no one is touching child/infant)

8. Perform CPR (for about 2 minutes)

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External Injuries


1. Cover wound with dressing

2. Apply pressure until bleeding stops

3. Cover dressing with bandage

4. Apply more pressure and call 911 (apply more dressings and keep applying pressure if bleeding does not stop)


1. Remove from source

2. Cool burn (with running water to soothe)

3. Cover loosely with dressing

4.Call 911

5. Care for shock

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1. Call 911 if unconscious or national poison control center if conscious and continue to provide care.
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1. Call or have someone call 911

2. Remove nearby objects (do not hold or restrain child and do not place anything between teeth or in mouth)

After seizure passes...

Monitor breathing or any changes. Comfort and reassure them, and roll them onto one side to keep airway clear.